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posion、fold、percentage等重点单词详解

考点详解

 posion、fold、percentage等重点单词详解知识点包括 posion、fold、percentage、climate、mild、settle、construction、suit、contain等部分,有关posion、fold、percentage等重点单词详解的详情如下:

posion n.毒物;毒药;毒素 vt.毒死;毒害

[典型例句]

Some mushrooms contain a deadly poison.

有些蘑菇含有致命毒素。

Some people say that selfishness is a poison in our society.

一些人说自私是我们社会的一害。

They have threatened to poison the city's drinking water.

他们威胁说要在这座城市的饮用水中下毒。

Do you believe that television is poisoning the minds of our children?

你认为电视在毒害我们的孩子的思想吗?

[思维拓展]

poisonous adj. 引起中毒的;有毒的;分泌毒素的

fold vt.包;裹;折叠 vt.vi.(可)折小;(可)叠平

[典型例句]

The first person in each group writes a sentence and folds the paper over his/her writing, so the next person cannot see it.

每组第一个人写一个句子,然后将他/她写的句子折叠起来,这样下一个人便看不见所写内容。

In the army camp the quilts are usually folded in this manner.

在军营中被子通常是这样折叠的。

She folded the letter in half and put it into her pocket.

她把信对折起来放进了口袋。

He stood by the window, folding his arms and looking into the distance.

他站在窗子旁边,交叉着双臂,眼睛望着远处。

[思维拓展]

unfold vt.展开;打开

percentage n.百分比;百分率

[典型例句]

At the moment,about 80 percent of web traffic is in English,but this percentage is going down.

目前,大约80%的网络信息是用英语传输的,但是这个百分比在不断下降。

注意:(1)percentage 前不与数字连用,如:不直接说“five percentage”,而改为“five percent”或“a percentage of five”。

(2)percentage 被放在 the 之后时,谓语动词用单数形式。

The percentage of women drivers is small.

女司机的比例很小。

(3)当被放在a后时,谓语动词单复数要与 a percentage of 后接的名词的单复数保持一致。

A small percentage of the workers are from countryside.

少数工人来自农村。

A large percentage of the crop has spoiled.

大部分庄稼被毁。

(4)a...percentage of 之间可用 good/large/high/small 修饰。

A large percentage of school­books now have pictures.

现在大部分教科书有插图。

climate n.气候

[典型例句]

Small businesses are finding it hard to survive in the present economic climate.

小企业发现在当前的经济形势下很难生存。

[易混辨析]

climate, weather

climate

指“气候”,涉及范围大,持续时间较长,是一个地区气候的总情况,可用不定冠词修饰:a cold climate 寒冷的气候。

weather

指“天气”,涉及范围较小,持续时间较短,不可用不定冠词修饰。

How's the climate in your hometown?

你家乡的气候如何?

What's the weather like today?

今天天气怎么样?

mild adj.温和的;和善的;轻微的

[典型例句]

It is safe to take mild medicine.

服用药性温和的药没有危险。

The weather is mild today,and it is neither hot nor cold.

今天天气很温和,不冷也不热。

[思维拓展]

mildly adv.轻微地;温和地

settle vt.vi.定居;结束(争论);解决(纠纷)

[典型例句]

She settled in Vienna after her father's death.

父亲死后,她就在维也纳定居了。

Dust had settled on everything.

到处都落满了灰尘。

It's time you settled your differences with your father.

现在你该解决同你父亲之间的分歧了。

[思维拓展]

settle down(使)平静下来;(使)稳定;定居

settle down to (doing) sth.专心于(做)某事;着手(做)某事

settle in/into...迁入(新居);习惯于……

settlement n.安顿;定居点;解决;协议

settler n.移民;殖民者

settled adj.习惯的;固定的

construction n.建筑;建造;建造物;(句子、短语等的)结构

[典型例句]

Look at these simple verbs and make another construction  using makeanoun.

看这些简单的动词并用“make+a+noun”构成另一个结构。

The governments in cities with large numbers of low­income families should speed up the construction of low­rent housing.

有大量低收入家庭的城市的政府部门应该加快廉租房的建设。

[思维拓展]

be under construction正在建设中

construct vt.建设;修建

be constructed of/out of/from sth.由……建成

The shelter was constructed out of fallen branches.

这个窝棚是用落下的枯树枝搭成的。

suit vt.适合;满足......需要;相配;合身 n.西服;套装

[典型例句]

This business suit is on hire.

这套公务装是供租用的。

Any time will suit me.

什么时候我都行。

[思维拓展]

suit sb./sth. 适合某人或某物

be suited to/for适合于……

a swimming suit一件泳衣

suitable adj.适当的;相配的;恰当的

be suitable for...适合于……

be suitable to do sth.适合做某事

contain vt.包含;含有;容纳

[典型例句]

This book contains all the information you need.

这本书包含了你所需的一切资料。

The jar contains ten glasses of water.

这个广口瓶能装10杯水。

She could hardly contain her excitement.

她抑制不住内心的激动。

[思维拓展]

container n.容器

[易混辨析]

contain, include

contain

通常用来指某容器中盛有某物、装有某物;还可指某种物质中含有某种成分或含有其他物质,指作为组成部分而被包含或容纳在内

include

通常表示把某事物作为其中的一部分包含在内,在句中常构成分词短语sth.included或including sth.

The box contains forty maps, including two Chinese maps.

箱子里装着四十幅地图,其中包括两幅中国地图。

最后编辑:2021-03-23 10:17:05

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.Last summer I took a course on how to deal with                  (poison) gases.

2.He needs to buy a chair which can                (fold) to carry when he goes fishing.

3.Each year Americans consume a high percentage               the world's energy.

4.The climate                (be) different from place to place.

5.Soon afterwards, many of those people started                down to become farmers, and their languages became more                and fewer in number too. (settle)

6.I was only               (mild) interested in English when I took up it.

7.The new bridge under               (construct), measuring twice as long as the old one, is due to be completed next month.

8.Six months passed by, and still she had not found a                (suit) job.

9.The stadium is large enough                (contain) 100 thousand audience.

10.Be especially careful of information                (contain) in advertisements.

【第2题】  

单句语法填空

1.用 contain/include的适当形式填空

(1)The Chinese diet is considered to be the healthiest in the world. It              a lot of fruit and green vegetables.

(2)Everyone took part in the fight against the flood,              old people.

(3)The                can                100 litres of water.

2.Some experts are skeptical about 3D food printers, believing they are better               (suit) for fast food restaurants than homes and high­end restaurants.

3.A new main road, through which our village will be connected to the city, is              construction now.

4.It's high time that he settled              in the country and started a new life.

5.They settled              at a comfortable East Side cafe and within minutes, another customer was approaching their table.

6.Then, in 1565, a Spanish conqueror established a               (settle) there, and named it St. Augustine.

7.Let's settle down               our studies. It's a waste of time surfing the Internet all day.

8.Mrs Lee is a              (mildly) lady so the students like to talk with her.

9.用climate/weather的适当形式填空

(1)We shall go out for a picnic tomorrow if the               is fine.

(2)A drier               would be good for your health.

(3)I couldn't imagine what it would be like to live in a hot             .

(4)The               of our country is mild, but individual places experience bad              

10.There's a higher percentage               girl students in this class.

11.Body language can give away a lot about your mood, so standing with your arms             (fold) can send out a signal that you are being defensive.

12.Seeing the              (poison) gas escaping from the broken pipe, he sounded the alarm.

【第3题】  

单词拼写

1.It is impossible for this country to recover in a short time over this               (金融的) crisis.

2.He begins writing              (诗歌) under the influence of his friend,Robert Frost.

3.The lawyer rarely wears anything other than             (牛仔裤) and a T­shirt whatever the season.

4.His               (靴子) were spotted with mud.

5.After my delicious supper, roast mutton and fried              (蘑菇), I went to the cinema.

6.The leaves of certain trees are               (有毒的) to cattle.

7.The back of the bench              (折叠) forward to make a table.

8.He is recognized as a               (超级的) star and is praised highly by people.