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opportunity、performance等重点单词详解

考点详解

opportunity、performance等重点单词详解知识点包括 opportunity、performance、ordinary、prove 、 award、stage等部分,有关opportunity、performance等重点单词详解的详情如下:

opportunity n.机会;时机

[典型例句]

I am willing to assist you whenever there is an opportunity.

有机会我愿随时帮你。

If we get up early, we will have the opportunity of enjoying the fresh air and calmness of the morning.

如果我们早起,我们将有机会享受清新的空气和早晨的宁静。

You ought to make good use of any opportunity to practise English.

你应该好好利用任何机会练习英语。

[思维拓展]

have an opportunity有机会

seize an opportunity 抓住时机

take advantage of an opportunity 利用机会

performance n.表演;演技;表现

[典型例句]

The performance starts at seven.

演出7点开始。

Your performance in the school play met professional standards.

你在校园戏剧中的表演达到了专业标准。

[思维拓展]

give/put on a performance 演出;表演

They gave performances to collect money for the project.

他们进行演出,为这项工程集资。

perform vt. & vi.表演;履行;执行

perform one's duty/promise履行职责/诺言

perform an experiment/operation做实验/手术

performer n.执行者,表演者,演奏者,能手

When will the play be performed?

那出戏何时上演?

You should always perform what you promise.

你应永远履行你的诺言。

You are expected to perform your duties.

你应该履行你的职责。

They set out to perform the operation.

他们开始做手术。

ordinary adj.普通的;平凡的

[典型例句]

The novel describes the way of life of the ordinary people there.

这部小说描写那里的普通人的生活方式。

[思维拓展]

out of the ordinary不寻常;出乎意料

in the ordinary way一般;通常

sb./sth. is no ordinary...某人/某物可不是一般的……

[易混辨析]

ordinarycommonusual

ordinary

“平常的;普通的”,指由于与一般事物的性质或标准相同,因而显得平常,无奇特之处,反义词是special。

common

“常见的;共同的”,指为许多人或事物所共同具备因而常见。

usual

“惯常的”,指在某一地方或某一时间内所常见的,往往指常用的东西,或常发生的事情。

 

His mother is an ordinary teacher.

他的母亲是位平凡的教师。

Rabbits and foxes are common in Britain.

兔子和狐狸在英国很常见。

We will meet at the usual time.

我们将在老时间会面。

prove vt.证明;展现

[典型例句]

He has proved his courage in the battle.

他已在这场战斗中证明了自己的勇气。

How did you prove that he was the robber?

你如何证明他是那名抢劫犯?

History proved them (to be) wrong again.

历史证明他们再一次错了。

[思维拓展]

proof n.证据;证明

There's (no) proof that...(没)有证据证明……

prove link­v.证明是……,结果是……

基本句型:prove+(to be)+n./adj.(用法同turn out to be,后接形容词或名词作表语,不用于被动语态和进行时态)

The rumour proved (to be) false.

这个传闻证明是假的。

The girl proved an able secretary.

这女孩证明是一个能干的秘书。

award vt.授予 n.奖品

[典型例句]

It's said that he has won the best actor award.

据说他获得了最佳男演员奖。

The judge awarded a large sum of money to those hurt by the fire.

法官判给在火灾中受伤的人一大笔钱。

[思维拓展]

win/receive/get an award for sth. 因某事而赢得/得到/获得奖项

win/get the first award 获得一等奖

award sb. sth. (for sth.) (因……)颁发给某人……

award sth. to sb. 授予某人某物

sb. be awarded sth./sth. be awarded to sb. 某人被授予某物

[易混辨析]

award (n.), prize, reward

award

指“奖品;奖金;奖赏”,侧重指由政府或社会组织按法律与规定而给予的荣誉。

prize

指“奖品;奖金”,主要用于表示“获得几等奖”或“获奖金额”,特指在竞争、竞赛中获得的奖。

reward

指对某人工作或服务的报答。也指因帮助警察抓住罪犯或帮助失主找到东西而得到的酬金。

 

Rosie was in London to receive her award as Mum of the Year.

罗西在伦敦领取年度母亲奖。

My sister won the first prize for her singing.

我妹妹唱歌获得了一等奖。

It was a reward for information leading to capture of the murderers.

那是因提供情报令凶手落网而得到的赏金。

stage n.(发展或进展的)时期;阶段;(多指剧场中的)舞台

[典型例句]

This technology is still in its early stages.

这项技术还处于其早期(开发)阶段。

The baby has reached the stage where he can stand up.

这个婴儿到了能站立的阶段。

注意:stage作“阶段;时期”讲时,后面定语从句中若不缺主语或者宾语,关系词常用where或in (on) which。此时,其用法类似于situation, position, point, case等。

The world is a stage on which every man must play a part.

世界是一个舞台,每个人都要在这个舞台上扮演一个角色。

最后编辑:2021-03-20 13:59:10

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.He was very cautious about the job interview, because he was aware of the fact that certain            (opportunity), once lost, can never return.

2.My classmates and I have decided to organize some wonderful singing and dancing             (perform) for them, which will last about 3 hours.

3.Magically, that show remains the Great Jason's best             (perform) to this day.

4.The boy tried to prove himself            (be) a good student and he really proved best.

5.These results are further             (prove) of his outstanding ability.

6.Zhang Yimou has directed many excellent films, with which he won many             (award) at home and abroad.

【第2题】  

单句语法填空

1.Tom has practised his part over and over again.No doubt that he will perform well             the stage.

2.They             John the first prize.

他们授予约翰一等奖。

3.The court             damages of $5,000 to the injured man.

法庭判给受伤者5 000美元的赔偿。

4.He won            his excellent skill.

他由于他出色的技能而获奖。

5.The medicine the factory produced had many side effects, which             (prove) that the product was harmful.

6.But Sarah, who has taken part in shows along with top models, wants             (prove) that she has brains as well as beauty.

7.He is             ordinary farmer.

8.His             (perform) made/put/left a deep impression on the audience.

9.Making music is something for them to be proud of, and it lets kids practice             (perform) in front of an audience.

10.Having some spare cash, time or goods is an opportunity             (help) others out.

【第3题】  

单词拼写

1.He got a lot of              (奖品) for his excellent study.

2.The information included in the documents              (证明) that my husband had been out of town in his car that day.

3.Finally, after weeks of preparation, I would show off all my hard work in a dance              (表演).

4.In general,most teenagers now listen to rock music.However, John likes              (古典的) music better.

5.It takes a lot of              (能量) to make things from new materials, so, if you can, buy things made from recycled materials.

6.Not to have a correct political point of view is like having no              (灵魂).

7.New technology has enabled development of an online “             (虚拟的) library”.

8.Mrs Smith said something good about my              (作品), so I felt pretty happy.

9.This would be a good             (机会) for you to know some traditional Chinese culture personally.

10.She had a call from him on Saturday morning at the              (录音棚).

11.The TV play series which is about              (普通的) people has been popular recently.

12.In a word, good listening can really             (使能够) us to get closer to each other.

13.George Gershwin, born in 1898, was one of America's greatest             (作曲家).

14.The school library provides a variety of              (原作的) works, hoping they will meet the needs of different students.

15.If you stand on               (舞台) and share your view of the world, people will connect with you.