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过去分词作定语用法等重点句型详解

考点详解

过去分词作定语用法等重点句型详解知识点包括过去分词作定语用法、which 引导非限制性定语从句、as 引导非限制性定语从句、动词不定式作目的状语等部分,有关过去分词作定语用法等重点句型详解的详情如下:

过去分词作定语用法

In factan art movement called the Mission School started here.

事实上,一场叫作教会学校的艺术运动开始于此。)

(1)句式分析:这是一个简单句。主语是an art movement,谓语是started,called the “Mission School”是过去分词短语作后置定语。

(2)过去分词作定语用法浅析:

 

They are cleaning the fallen leaves in the yard.

他们正在清理院子里的落叶。

Who were the so­called guests invited (=who had been invited) to the party last night?

昨晚被邀请参加晚会的那些所谓的客人都是谁呀?

which 引导非限制性定语从句

In the same yeargold was discovered near San Franciscowhich started a gold rush.

同年,在旧金山附近发现了黄金,这引起了淘金热。

(1)句式分析:这是一个主从复合句。主句是gold was discovered near San Francisco,which started a gold rush是which引导的非限制性定语从句。

(2)which 引导非限制性定语从句

 

These apple trees, which I planted three years ago, have not produced any fruits.

这些苹果树是我三年前栽的,还没有结过果实。(which 指代 these apple trees)

John passed the exam, which made his parents very happy.

约翰通过了考试,这使他的父母很高兴。(which 指代整个主句)

He said that he had never seen her before, which was not true.

他说他以前从没见过她,这不是真的。(which 指代主句中的宾语从句)

as 引导非限制性定语从句

as 引导非限制性定语从句

 

She is late again, as was expected.

她又迟到了,正如预料的那样。(位于句末)

As we had expected, Tom passed the driving test.

正如我们预料的那样,汤姆通过了驾照考试。(位于句首)

Global warming, as we all know, has caused a lot of natural disasters.

众所周知,全球变暖已经引发了很多自然灾害。(位于句中)

动词不定式作目的状语

To earn a livingsome opened up shops and restaurants in Chinatown.

为了谋生,一些人在唐人街开了商店和餐馆。

(1)句式分析:这是一个简单句。主语是some,谓语是opened up,宾语是shops and restaurants,in Chinatown是地点状语,句首的To earn a living是不定式短语作目的状语。

(2)动词不定式作目的状语时可位于句首或句末,表强调时,通常可以在不定式符号to之前加上in order或so as,其否定形式为in order not to...和so as not to...,但so as to不可位于句首。

When asked why he went there,he said he was sent there to be trained for a space flight.

当被问及他为什么去那里时,他说他被派去那儿接受太空飞行训练。

I send him some pictures for him to see what Paris is like.

我寄给他几张照片,让他瞧瞧巴黎是什么样子的。

She arrived early in order to get a good seat.

为找个好位置,她早早地到场了。

Let's hurry so as not to be late for the movie.

咱们快点儿吧,免得看电影迟到了。

最后编辑:2021-03-23 09:56:33

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.I bought a dress           (decorate) with some beautiful patterns.

2.I've been to London,          is a beautiful city.

3.          (make)matters worse,Mr Rove is more important now than in the past.

4.You don't have to run fast or for long           (see) the benefit.

5.She and her family bicycle to work,          helps them keep fit.

6.The number of smokers,          is reported,has dropped by 17 percent in just one year.

7.The program           (design) to help the young is very popular.

8.He borrowed a book             (write) by Mo Yan.

【第2题】  

单句语法填空

1.English is a language shared by several           (diversity) cultures, each of which uses it differently.

2.          (fortunate), people are beginning to realize how serious this situation is.

3.To get           (admit), I have made good preparations beforehand, making efforts to know as much as I could about my city, Tianjin.

4.It occurred to me           (go) to attend a meeting when I was about to go home.

5.The United States will introduce a new exam for students who seek           (study) in America.

6.A prisoner by the name of Jack escaped           prison last night.

7.I have nothing apart          the clothes I am wearing.

8.Some people fear that air pollution may bring          changes in the weather around the world.

9.Most of the people           (invite) to the party were his old schoolmates.

10.—I hope to take the computer course.

—Good idea.           (find) out more about it,visit this website.