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precious、majority、complain等重点单词详解

考点详解

precious、majority、complain等重点单词详解知识点包括precious、majority、complain、 fee、respond、hire、reject、appoint、elect、decade、tend、staff、retire、principle、scare、replace等部分,有关precious、majority、complain等重点单词详解的详情如下:

precious adj.珍稀的;宝贵的

[典型例句]

The peacock is a precious bird in the sub­tropical zone.

孔雀是亚热带地区的珍禽。

Clean water is precious in that part of the world.

在世界的那个地方,洁净的水是宝贵的。

majority n.大部分;大多数

[典型例句]

The majority of the damage is easy to repair.

这次的损失大部分容易补救。

The majority of people believe that smoking is harmful to health.

大多数人认为吸烟有害健康。

[思维拓展]

the majority 大多数(其作主语表整体时,谓语用单数;若表成员情况时,谓语用复数。)

the majority of+n.[U]+单数谓语

the majority of+n.[pl.]+复数谓语

be in the/a majority占大多数

by/with a majority of以大多数……(赢得……)

minority n.少数民族;少数

a/the minority of少数

be in the/a minority占少数

complain vi.vt.抱怨;发牢骚

[典型例句]

He complained bitterly that he had been unfairly treated.

他愤懑地诉说他所受到的不公平待遇。

I'm going to complain to the manager about this.

我要就这件事向经理投诉。

[思维拓展]

complain (to sb.) of/about (doing) sth.(向某人)投诉/抱怨(做)某事;(向某人)发牢骚

complain (to sb.) that...(向某人)抱怨…… 

complaint n.抱怨;投诉;控告

make a complaint about  sth.抱怨/投诉某事

make a complaint to sb.向某人抱怨/投诉

fee n.专业服务费;报酬

[典型例句]

Does the bank charge a fee for setting up the account?

在这家银行开账户要收费吗?

[易混辨析]

fare, fee, charge, cost

fare

指交通费。

fee

指会费、学费、入场费、手续费等。

charge

指商品和服务所需要的要价、收费等。

cost

指成本、费用、代价等。

respond vt.回答;回复 vt.作出反应;回应

[典型例句]

I invited her to dinner but she did not respond.

我邀请她吃晚饭,但她未回复。

How did she respond to the news?

她对那个消息有什么反应?

[思维拓展]

respond to sb./sth.(with/ by sth.) (用……)回答某人/回复某事(比 answer, reply to正式)

respond to (疾病、身体的受伤部分)对医药有良好反应

response n.反应;回答;回复

response to sb./sth. (对人/物)的回答/回复/反应

in response to作为对……的反应

[易混辨析]

respond, answer, reply

respond

为不及物动词,指对他人的期望等做出适当的回应,是最正式的用词。

answer

为及物动词,指用文字、语言或行动回答,是最普通的用词。

reply

为不及物动词,与answer 用法基本相同,但稍正式一些。

 

I asked him his name, but he didn't respond.

我问他叫什么名字,可他没回答。

He answered that he did go there last night.

他回答说昨天晚上他的确去过那儿。

It's your turn now to reply to these charges.

现在该轮到你对这些指控进行答辩了。

hire vt.聘任;雇用;租用 n.租借;租用

[典型例句]

They hired a big hall.

他们租了一间大厅。

We hired a driver to take us on a tour of the city.

我们雇用了一个司机带我们游览这个城市。

We have to pay $300 for the hire of the meeting hall.

我们不得不为会议室的租用支付300美元。

[思维拓展]

for/on hire 出租

Car for hire, $10 an hour.

汽车出租,每小时10美元。

[易混辨析]

employ, hire, rent

(1)employ 雇,雇人,指商店或公司长期雇用人。

(2)hire 租,雇,指按工作量或时间雇用人。

(3)rent 租,指长期租赁土地、房屋等,若暂时租借也可用 hire。

They want to hire a hall for an evening.

他们想租用礼堂一晚上。

They can't afford to buy a new house, so they have to rent one.

他们买不起新房子,因此还得租房住。

reject vt.拒绝接受;不录用

[典型例句]

The Christian Church rejected his theory, saying it was against God's idea and people who supported it would be attacked.

基督教会拒绝接受他的理论,说这种理论违背了上帝的想法,谁支持这一理论就将受到攻击。

[思维拓展]

rejection n.拒绝接受;否决

[图解助记]

appoint vt.任命;委派

[典型例句]

She's been appointed(as/to be)sales manager.

她被任命为销售部经理。

They appointed her to take care of that old man.

他们派她去照顾那位老人。

[思维拓展]

appoint sb.(as/to be)+职位 某人担任……职位

appoint sb.to do sth.委派某人做某事

appointment n.任命;委派;约定

make/have an appointment with sb.与某人有约

keep/break an appointment守约/违约

appointed adj.约定的;指定的

elect vt.选举;推选

[典型例句]

She elected an art course because she was interested in art.

因为她对艺术感兴趣,所以选择了一门艺术课。

Like men, women have the right to elect and to be elected.

妇女享有同男子平等的选举权和被选举权。

[思维拓展]

elect to do sth.决定做某事

elect sb. as选举某人当……

election n.选举;推选;当选

We wonder who will win the next election.

我们都想知道下届选举谁会获胜。

decade n.十年;十年期

[典型例句]

Many great events happened in the past decade.

在过去的十年中发生了很多大事件。

[巧学妙记]

deca­(=ten,十)+de→十年;十年期

[思维拓展]

for/during/in/over the past/last few decades在过去的几十年里(常和现在完成时连用)

For the past few decades computer technology has come a long way.

过去几十年里,计算机技术取得了长足的进步。

tend vt.照顾;照料 vi.倾向;趋于

[典型例句]

I tend to go to bed late and get up early in summer.

夏天我往往睡得晚,起得早。

She spends her spare time tending her old mother.

她的业余时间都花在照顾她年迈的母亲上。

[思维拓展]

tend to do sth.易于做某事;往往会发生某事

tend to/towards sth.趋向,倾向

tend (to) sb./sth.(=look after sb./sth.)照顾/护理……

tendency n.倾向,趋势

have a tendency to do sth.有做某事的倾向

staff n.员工;全体职员;拐杖

[典型例句]

The staff are not happy about the new arrangement.

员工们不喜欢新的安排。

The old man can walk only with the help of a staff.

这个老人只有借助拐杖才能走路。

[思维拓展]

staff作“全体员工”讲,单复数同形;作主语时,若被看作整体,其谓语动词用单数;若被看作个体,谓语动词用复数。如:

The staff in this school is high in quality.

这所学校的员工素质很高。

The staff in this shop are helpful.

这家店里的员工是乐于助人的。

retire vi.&vt.退休;退职;退出;离开(尤指去僻静处)

[典型例句]

Most people retire at 60.

大多数人在60岁时退休。

She was forced to retire early from teaching because of ill health.

由于身体不好她被迫早早地从教学岗位上退了下来。

After lunch, he retired to his study.

午饭后他去了书房。

[思维拓展]

retire from...从……退休(役)/退出

retire (from...)(to...)退下;退出;离开(尤指到僻静处)

retired adj.已退职的;已退休的

retirement n.退休;退职

principle n.道德原则;法则;原则

[典型例句]

Schools try to teach children a set of principles.

学校设法教给孩子们一套道德准则。

They agreed to the plan only in principle.

他们只是原则上同意那个计划。

[思维拓展]

in principle 原则上;理论上

on principle 根据原则

scare vt.惊吓;使害怕 vi.受惊吓

[典型例句]

The terrible sounds scared the children.

可怕的声音把孩子们吓坏了。

He doesn't scare easily.

他不轻易害怕。

[思维拓展]

scare sb. to death把某人吓得要死

scare sb. away/off把某人吓跑

scare sb. into/out of (doing) sth.吓得某人做/不敢做某事

It scares sb. to do sth.使某人害怕去做某事

scared adj.害怕的;对……感到惊慌或恐惧的

be scared of doing/to do sth.害怕做某事

be scared (that)...害怕……

replace vt.接替;取代;更换

[典型例句]

He has replaced Mr Brown as president.

他取代布朗先生当了董事长。

He will replace the broken window with a new one.

他要用新窗户更换破了的窗户。

[思维拓展]

replace...with/by...用……代替……

replace sb.as...取代某人而成为……

replace sb./sth.=take the place of sb./sth.取代某人/某物

take the place of = take one's place接替

in place of=in one's place代替

out of place不在合适的位置;不得体

最后编辑:2021-03-22 14:02:17

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.What is                (preciously) between friends is belief and respect.

2.                                were present at the meeting.

大多数人出席了会议。

3.                                    people seem to prefer watching games to playing games.

大部分人似乎喜欢观看比赛胜于参加比赛。

4.He was elected by                                    765.

他以765票的多数票当选。

5.He did nothing but complain            me about the food and the service of the restaurant.

6.Don't complain             our life. We should be thankful for what we have.

7.His parents paid high tuition            (fee) for his college life.

8.They still haven't          _          my letter.

他们至今仍没有回我的信。

9.He                     my suggestion           a laugh/          laughing.

他对我的建议报以一笑。

10.His illness didn't                     treatment by drugs.

他的疾病对药物治疗没有反应。

11.My mother opened the door                              the knock, but there was no one outside.

听到敲门声后,我妈妈打开了门,但外面一个人都没有。

【第2题】  

单句语法填空

1.They           (hire) a firm of consultants to design the new system.

2.His article was          (reject) by the editor.

3.Once you make an                  (appoint) with someone, you should keep it.

4.She was waiting at my apartment at the          (appoint)  time to take me to Disney World.

5.Besides, I have such a good command of English that I           (elect) as assistant to my English teacher.

6.In the past decade, he          (plant)hundreds of trees.

7.The sort of music he listens to varies, but                     popular music.

他听的音乐形形色色,不过倾向于流行音乐。

8.She                     get angry when people oppose to her plan.

别人反对她的计划时,她很容易生气。

9.The nurse skillfully           their wounds.

那位护士熟练地为他们包扎伤口。

10.The staff in this company           (be) busy working at present.

11.After he           (retire) from office, Tom took up painting for a while, but soon lost interest.

12.When the world­famous tennis player announced her           (retire), she couldn't help crying.

13.Despite the variety of injuries, several           (principle) of first aid can apply to all emergencies.

14.The scarecrow in the field is used to           the birds          .

田地里的稻草人是用来吓跑小鸟的。

15.They           the little boy                     foods in the supermarket.

他们威胁这个小男孩到超市里去偷食物。

16.The little girl                                       out alone.

这个小女孩害怕一个人外出。

17.I'm           I'm going to fall.

我害怕自己快掉下去了。

18.一句多译

我们的班长将代替我们的班主任参加会议。

(1)Our monitor will                                                        to attend the meeting.(take the place of/replace)

(2)Our monitor will attend the meeting                                                 .(in place of)

(3)Our monitor will                                                     to attend the meeting.(take one's place)

【第3题】  

单句语法填空

1.The           (major) of them take an online language test before starting their programme.

2.Some           (minor) languages are losing their identities because of the invasion of more popular spoken ones.

3.The police received several           (complain) about the noise from our party.

4.Knowing basic first­aid techniques will help you respond quickly           emergencies.

5.We regret to inform you that your application has been           (reject).

6.I was appointed           (take) charge of arranging all the activities on that day.

7.About three           (decade) ago,China was known as the “Bicycle Kingdom”.

8.The older women tend            (believe) in strangers easily.

9.Nowadays there is a growing           (tend) for people to shop on Internet.

10.As a           (retire) ear doctor,I heartily recommend TV Ears to people with normal hearing as well as those with hearing loss.

11.We were           (scare) to death when the fire broke out.Fortunately,it was put out before it caused much damage.

【第4题】  

单词拼写

1.The people are sure to believe in you if you govern our country by         (道德) and laws.

2.What's more, thankfulness is also our traditional Chinese        (美德).

3.To        (说明) the use of this method, we now provide an example of the use of this method.

4.Therefore, we can come to the conclusion that nothing is so         (宝贵的) as peace in the world.

5.We are planning to hold a party for our grandparents to celebrate their fiftieth anniversary of         (结婚).

6.The         (大多数) of people take in too much fat and not enough fiber, which does great harm to their health.

7.Some of the senior students         (抱怨)that they had no time to read because they had too much homework to do.

8.They are likely to         (回应) positively to the President's request for aid.

9.The school isn't the most modern, but it offers         (奖学金) to poor students who wish to study but can't pay.

10.In addition to the school, the village has a         (诊所), which was also built with government support.