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determined、disappointed、desire等重点单词详解

考点详解

determined、disappointed、desire等重点单词详解知识点包括determined、disappointed、desire、independent、signal等部分,有关determined、disappointed、desire等重点单词详解的详情如下:

determined adj.有决心的;意志坚定的

[典型例句]

She is a very determined woman.

她是个意志十分坚定的女人。

I am determined to find out who is responsible for this.

我决意要弄清楚谁该对此事负责任。

[思维拓展]

be determined to do sth.决心做某事(表状态)

determine v.决定;确定;(使)下定决心

determine to do sth.决心做某事(表动作)

determine on/upon (doing) sth.决定(做)某事

determination n.坚定;决心

The travellers determined on an early start.

旅行者们决定早出发。

We determined to leave at once.

我们决定立即离开。

disappointed adj.失望的;沮丧的

[典型例句]

I'm disappointed in you!How could you have lied like that?

你让我失望了!你怎么能像那样说谎呢?

We are all disappointed at his failure.

我们都为他的失败而感到失望。

He was disappointed to hear the news.

听到这消息他很失望。

[思维拓展]

be disappointed at/by sth.对某事失望

be disappointed in/with sb.对某人失望

be disappointed to do sth.因……感到失望

disappointing adj. 令人失望的,扫兴的(强调主语的行为或某事令人失望)

disappoint v. 使失望;使破灭,使落空

disappointment n. [U]失望,[C]令人失望的人/事

to sb.'s disappointment 令某人失望的是

desire n.渴望;欲望 vt.渴望;期望

[典型例句]

All the people desire peace, security and happiness.

所有人都渴望和平、安全和幸福。

She desires to live in the country.

她希望住在乡下。

He has a strong desire for success/to succeed.

他急切渴望成功。

They had a desire that I (should) attend the meeting.

他们希望我能参加会议。

What do you desire me to do?

你希望我做什么呢?

[思维拓展]

desire sth.渴望得到某物

desire to do sth.希望做某事

desire sb.to do sth.希望某人做某事

desire that期望……

have a desire for渴望;希望得到

have no desire for sth. 对……没有欲望

have a strong desire to do sth.迫切想做某事

satisfy one's desires 满足某人的欲望/愿望

desirable adj.值得拥有的,可取的,有利的

注意:当desire作动词后接宾语从句,以及desire作名词后接同位语从句或表语从句时,that从句中的谓语动词常用虚拟语气,即should+动词原形,且should可省略。

independent adj.独立的;自主的

[典型例句]

Mozambique became independent in 1975.

莫桑比克于1975年获得独立。

[思维拓展]

be independent from/of sth.从……独立

be independent of sb. 不依赖某人

independence n.独立;自主

independence from sb./sth.从……独立

independently adv.独立地;自主地

dependent adj.依靠的;依赖的

dependence n.信赖,依赖

depend v.依靠,依赖

signal vt. vi.标志着;标明;发信号 n.信号;标志

[典型例句]

He signalled to the waiter for the bill.

他示意服务员结账。

He signalled her to stop the car.

他示意她停车。

Don't start yet—wait for me to give the signal.

先别开始——等我发信号。

A red light is usually a signal for/of danger.

红灯通常是危险的信号。

[思维拓展]

signal to sb. 向某人发信号/示意

signal (to) sb. to do sth. 示意某人做某事

signal with...用……发信号

[易混辨析]

signal, symbol, sign, mark

易混词

区别

signal

指为某一目的而有意发出的信号

symbol

表示“象征”或表达某种深邃意蕴的特殊事物

sign

指人们公认的事物的记号,也可指“征兆,迹象”

mark

既可指为方便辨认而有意做的“标记”,又可指自然形成的标记或有别于其他事物的特征

 
最后编辑:2021-03-23 11:09:18

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.She determined              (work) twice as hard as before to make up for the lost time.

2.She has the              (determine) to overcome all the difficulties to success.

3.He was               at the               news, so there was a               look on his face.(disappoint)

4.If you desire              (improve) your English, recite some 10 sentences every day or learn 50 words by heart, if possible.

5.Only in this way can they grow up to be               (independence) and become truly successful.

6.He was signaling               a red flag.

7.Studying alone also allows me to develop               (dependent) thinking which is a very important skill I need as I grow older.

8.They                                           to learn a second language.

他们不想学另一种语言。

9.I                                           to a famous university.

我很想上一所名牌大学。

【第2题】  

单句语法填空

1.Most people                             a lot of knowledge.

大多数人渴求更多的知识。

2.The couple              their son                            to a famous university.

那对夫妻希望他们的儿子能上名牌大学。

3.The group leader desired that we              it right away.

那个组长希望我们现在就开始做那件事。

4.The               look on his face suggested that the answer was really             .(disappoint)

5.I live my life with the goal of never having to say those words,because they convey regrets,lost opportunities,mistakes,and              (disappoint).

6.What               (disappoint) me is that she leaves me to finish the work by myself.

7.一句多译

因为决心按时完成这项工作,他们立即着手工作。

(1)                                                                                the job on time, they set out to work immediately.(原因状语从句)

(2)                                          the job on time, they set out to work immediately.(形容词短语作状语)

【第3题】  

单词拼写

1.Liu Yang, a woman Chinese              (宇航员), did some scientific experiments in the spaceship.

2.Police insist that Michael did not follow the correct              (程序) in applying for a visa.

3.Most of his best­known works were produced during his final two years, when he was suffering from serious               (精神的) illness.

4.Nick is good, kind, hard­working and               (聪明的); in a word, I can't speak too highly of him.

5.We hope the space             (火箭) will land safely on Mars.

6.When we get closer to the moon, we shall feel its               (引力) pulling us.

7.The size of the chicken pieces will               (决定) the cooking time.

8.The               (卫星) moves around the Earth once every hundred minutes.