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英语冠词的词组辨析

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英语中有不少词组,从形式看好像只有冠词之差,而实际上却是意义完全不同的词组,本文介绍了英语冠词的词组辨析:

1. in front of 在……(外)的前面;in the front of在……(内)的前面

There is a garden in front of the classroom. 教室前面有一个花园。(外)

There is a blackboard in the front of the classroom. 教室前面有一块黑板。(内)

2. in charge of 掌管、负责;in the charge of 在……负责之下

An experienced worker is in charge of the project. 一位有经验的个人负责这个项目。

The project is in the charge of an experienced worker. 这个项目由一位经验丰富的工人负责。

3. at table 在进餐、吃饭时;at the table 在桌旁

He seldom talks at table. 吃饭时他很少说话。

They sat at the table, talking and laughing. 他们坐在桌旁,边说边笑。

4. by day 白天、日间;by the day 按日计

He works in an office by day. 他白天在办公室工作。

Cleaning women in big cities get paid by the day. 大城市的清洁女工按日获得报酬。

5. take place 发生、举行;take the place (of) 代替、接替

When did this conversation take place? 这次谈话什么时候进行的?

Electric trains have now taken the place of steam trains in our country. 在我们国家,电力火车已经取代了蒸汽火车。

6. in words 用语言;in a word 总之

Please express your thoughts in words. 请用言语表达你的想法。

In a word, I don’t trust you. 总之,我不相信你。

7. at times 有时、不时;at a time 一次

I do feel a little nervous at times. 有时我确实感到有些紧张。

Pass me the bricks two at a time. 每次递给我两块砖。

8. little 少、不多的;a little 一些、一点儿

Hurry up, there is little time left. 快点,时间不多了。

Don’t hurry, you still have a little time. 不用急,你还有时间。

9. few 很少、几乎没有的;a few 有些、几个

He is a man of few words. 他是一个少言寡语的人。

Only a few of the children can read. 只有几个孩子会阅读。

10. a most interesting 非常有趣的;the most interesting 最有趣的(形容词的最高级)

This is a most interesting story. 这是一个非常有趣的故事。

This is the most interesting story of the three. 这是三个故事中最有趣的一个。

11. a doctor and nurse 一位医生兼护士;a doctor and a nurse 一位医生和一位护士

a doctor and nurse is standing there. 一位兼护士的医生正站在那儿。

a doctor and a nurse are standing there. 一位医生和一位护士正站在那儿。

12. a number of 许多、好些;the number of ……的数目(后面的谓语动词用单数)

A number of students are in the classroom. 许多学生在教室里。

The number of students in the classroom is forty. 教室里有40个学生。

最后编辑:2021-03-29 11:18:02

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