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in case 、to one’s  surprise等重点短语详解

考点详解

in case 、to one’s  surprise等重点短语详解知识点包括in case 、to one’s  surprise、be willing to do sth.、take a chance(=take chances)等部分,有关in case 、to one’s  surprise等重点短语详解的详情如下:

in case 以防;以防万一

[典型例句]

I took my driving license with me on holiday,in case I wanted to hire a car.

度假时我随身带了驾照,以防我想要租车。

I guess we've already talked about this but I'll ask you again just in case.

我记得我们已经讨论过这个了,但是我再问问你,以防万一。

Take an umbrella,in case it rains.

带把伞吧,以防下雨。

[思维拓展]

case n.情况;病例;案例

in case of...假使……,万一……

in any case无论如何;不管怎样

in this/that case如果这样/那样的话,在这种/那种情况下

in no case无论如何不;决不(位于句首,句子要倒装)

in the case of就……来说

as is often the case这是常有的事;情况往往如此

as the case may/might be看情况,视情况而定

to one’s  surprise 让/令某人惊讶的是

[典型例句]

To my surprise, she was the mother of five children.

令我惊讶的是,她是五个孩子的妈妈。

注意:to one's surprise相当于to the surprise of sb.。另外,当表示“令某人很惊讶”时,可用much to one's surprise或to one's great surprise来表达。

[思维拓展]

in surprise吃惊地;在惊慌中

take...by surprise使……惊慌;突袭……

to one's joy/delight (=to the joy/delight of sb.)令某人高兴的是

to one's sorrow (=to the sorrow of sb.)令某人悲伤的是

to one's relief (=to the relief of sb.)令某人欣慰的是

to one's amazement (=to the amazement of sb.)

令某人吃惊的是

be willing to do sth.愿意或乐意做某事

[典型例句]

I don't know whether he is willing to come.

我不知道他是否愿意来。

She is willing to help.

她愿意帮忙。

I'm not willing to work late.

我不愿意加班。

[思维拓展]

take a chance(=take chances)冒险

 

[典型例句]

He was taking a chance on a relatively new young actor.

他在冒险用一个出道不太久的年轻演员。

When installing electrical equipment don't take any chances. A mistake could kill.

安装电器设备时千万不要冒险,弄错了有可能会出人命的。

[思维拓展]

by chance 碰巧

have/get a chance (to do sth.) 有机会(做某事)

take the chance 抓住机会

take one's chance 碰运气

give sb. a chance 给某人一个机会

 

 

 

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最后编辑:2021-03-23 14:49:18

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.There is no simple answer,        is often the case in science.

2.The sign reads,“In case          fire,break the glass and push the red button.”

3.To the surprise         me,he didn't go back to school.

4.People in developing countries are not often          (will) to go back to traditional materials and would prefer modern buildings.

5.Some people feel sorry for the poor and are willing         (help) them.

6.After losing $40,000 on his last business,the man is not taking          chance this time.

7.Both teams were in hard training;neither was         (will) to lose the game.

【第2题】  

】单句语法填空

1.         my surprise,I forgot to lock my door when I went to work.

2.                           people have had to wait several weeks for an appointment.

在某些情况下,人们必须等上好几周才能得到约见。

3.                  will be heard next week.

此案下周审理。

4.                          fire,call 119.

万一发生火灾,就打119。

5.You'd better take the keys                  I'm out.

你最好带上钥匙,以防我不在家。

6.                          can we go against the law of nature,or we will get punished.

我们绝不能违背自然法则,否则我们将会受到惩罚。