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英语不定冠词

考点详解

不定冠词有a和an,当不定冠词后面的那个词以辅音音素开头时,不定冠词用a,以元音音素开头时,用an。不定冠词多表示泛指。

1. 泛指某类人或物(或其中的任何一个)、初次谈到或见到的人或物。这个用法是不定冠词考查的重点。

—I knocked over my coffee cup. It went right over the keyboard.

—You shouldn’t put drinks near a computer.

2. 表示“每一”,相当于every/per。

I earn 10 dollars an hour as a supermarket cashier on Saturdays.

3. 表示“一个”,相当于one。

My sister sometimes has only an apple for dinner because she wants to be thin.

4. 用于专有名词前表示“某一个……”,相当于a certain;或属于某人的物品。

—Hello, could I speak to Mr. Smith?

—Sorry, wrong number. There isn’t a Mr. Smith here.

5. 用于序数词前表示“再一,又一”。

She didn’t like the color of the two bags and asked for a third one.

6. 用于动词转化的名词前,表示一次动作。

Let’s go and have a look.

7. 用于一些固定搭配或固定短语中。这一点也是冠词常考的方面,考生应加强记忆。

a lot (of)

a little

a few

in a hurry

have a cold

make a face

a number of

a pair of

have a good time

have a swim=swim

have a walk=walk

have a look=look

have a talk=talk

as a result 因此      as a rule 通常

as a whole 总体上    at a loss 不知所措

in a hurry 匆忙    in a word 总之

pay a visit to 拜访    put an end to 结束

once in a while 偶尔    once upon a time 从前

all of a sudden 突然    be on a diet 节食

in a short while 不久    have/catch a cold 感冒

make a living 谋生    have/take a rest 休息

as a matter of fact 事实上    in a sense 在某种意义上

in a way 在某种程度上    keep an eye on 照看,留意

have a gift for 在……方面有天赋

give sb a lift 让某人搭便车

不定冠词记忆口诀

不定冠词a和an,单数可数名词前;
辅音若在词首发,词前只把a来加;
元音若在词首放,词前an词不敢忘;
不定冠词相当one,但不强调数观念;
不定冠词很关键,四个所指记心间.(每指、泛指、类指和某指)

最后编辑:2021-03-29 10:56:20

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典型例题

【第1题】  

For example, every morning, my dad has to have the bowl of egg soup while I had to eat an apple.

【第2题】  

When we got a call saying she was short-listed, we thought it was _______ joke.

【第3题】  

He missed the gold in the high jump, but will get __________ second chance in the long jump.

【第4题】  

As _________ result, people will eat more food to try to make up for that something missing.