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now that引导的句子等重点句型详解

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now that引导的句子等重点句型详解知识点包括now that引导的句子、状语从句省略的具体用法、表示否定或半否定意义的词语+助动词/be动词/情态动词+主语+动词原形(不含be动词)+其他”结构、常用部分倒装的其他情况、get+过去分词等部分,有关now that引导的句子等重点句型详解的详情如下:

now that引导的句子

But now that you are here,I dont have to.

但是,既然你在这儿,我就不必了。

(1)句式分析:这是一个主从复合句。主句是I don't have to,now that you are here是连词now that引导的原因状语从句。

(2)now that意为“既然”。

Now that the kids have left home we've got a lot of extra space.

孩子们都离开家了,我们住着就更宽绰了。

Now that you have finished your work, you'd better have a rest.

既然你的工作已经做完了,最好休息一下吧。

[易混辨析]

now that, because, since, as, for

now that

固定短语,意为“既然;由于”,引导原因状语从句,that 可以省略。

because

表示直接的或为人所不知的原因,语气最强。回答用 why 提问的问句。

since

意为“既然”,表示已知或共知的原因,但并非直接原因。可与 now that 互换。

as

意为“由于”,表示显而易见或已为人所知的原因。语气比 because 弱。

for

意为“因为”,并列连词,表示补充说明的理由。引导分句,不能置于句首。

[误区警示]

类似 although/though 不能与 but 连用,because 不能与 so 连用,当 since, now that 引导原因状语从句时,主句前不能加 so 等连词。

[译]既然你已经准备好了,我们现在可以走了。

[误]Now that you are ready, so we can go now.

[正]Now that you are ready, we can go now.

状语从句省略的具体用法

Then he folds the bill and slowly unfolds it againas if looking at something he can't believe is there.

然后,他折起钞票,又慢慢地把它展开,就好像看到了什么他不敢相信的东西。

(1)句式分析:这是一个主从复合句。主句是Then he folds the bill and slowly unfolds it again,后面是as if引导的方式状语从句,something he can't believe is there是省略了连接词that的宾语从句,其中又包含了定语从句he can't believe,修饰先行词something。

(2)此处as if looking at something he can't believe is there是状语从句as if he is looking at something he can't believe is there的省略形式。

状语从句省略的具体用法:

①适用从句:时间、地点、条件、方式和让步状语从句

②省略条件:从句主语与主句主语相同或从句主语为it,且从句的谓语部分含有be动词

③省略后从句的形式:连词+形容词/副词/分词/不定式/名词

While (they were) building the tunnel,the workers discovered an underground lake.

建隧道时,工人们发现了一个地下湖。

Unless (you are) asked to speak,you should remain silent at the meeting.

开会时,除非让你发言,否则你应当保持沉默。

Even if (I am) invited,I won't go.

即使被邀请,我也不去。

When (she was) very young,she began to learn to play the piano.

她很小就开始学习弹钢琴了。

[巧学妙记]

状语从句省略口诀:

时,条,让,方,地;主语同,谓语be,

二者省去不可惜;从句主语是it,省去it's也可以。

表示否定或半否定意义的词语+助动词/be动词/情态动词+主语+动词原形(不含be动词)+其他”结构

I remember thinking that never would I hold such a note as this...

记得当时我以为我(手里)永远不会握着这样一张钞票……

(1)句式分析:这是一个主从复合句。包含一个宾语从句that never would I hold such a note as this...,该从句是一个倒装句,正常语序为I would never hold such a note as this ...。

(2)never would I hold such a note as this...是否定或半否定意义的词语位于句首时引起的部分倒装。

当表示否定或半否定意义的词语如nor,neither,not,never,seldom,hardly,rarely,little,by no means,nowhere,in no way,under no circumstances,at no time,not until等位于句首时,句子要用部分倒装结构,即把助动词/be动词/情态动词移至主语之前,构成“表示否定或半否定意义的词语+助动词/be动词/情态动词+主语+动词原形(不含be动词)+其他”结构。

I don't know when to leave.Nor does he.

我不知道什么时候离开,他也不知道。

Not a single tree can we see on the hill.

我们在小山上连一棵树也看不见。

Never have I heard or seen such a thing.

我从未听过或见过这样的事情。

Seldom does he come recently.

最近他很少来。

Hardly could she believe her own eyes.

她几乎不敢相信自己的眼睛。

Rarely have I seen such a bright moon.

我很少看到这么明亮的月亮。

Nowhere was the key to be found.

到处都找不到钥匙。

By no means shall I change the plan.

我决不改变计划。

Under no circumstances should we give up hope.

我们绝不放弃希望。

John realized his mistakes and promised that at no time would he do it again.

约翰意识到他的错误并且承诺在任何时候他都不会再做这种事。

Not until a week later did he learn the news.

直到一周后他才听到那个消息。

常用部分倒装的其他情况

 

Only when he apologizes for his rudeness will I speak to him again.

只有当他为他的粗鲁道歉时我才会再和他说话。

So wonderful was the film that everyone was deeply moved.

这部电影如此精彩,每个人都被深深地感动了。

No sooner had he closed his eyes than he fell asleep.

他一闭上眼就睡着了。

Not only does he do well in his study,but also he often helps others with their lessons.

他不仅学习出色,还常常帮助其他人的功课。

Hot as the night air was,we slept deeply because we were so tired after the long journey.

虽然晚上很热,但因为长途旅行后很累,我们睡得很沉。

Young though she is,she has travelled to many countries.

尽管年轻,但她已旅行过很多国家。

get+过去分词

You would have to wait a long time to get paid.

你得等很长时间才能拿到钱。

(1)句式分析:这是一个简单句。to get paid是不定式短语作目的状语。

(2)句中get paid是由“get+过去分词”构成的短语。

“get+过去分词”常见于以下两种情况:

①谈论某人或某物的客观遭遇,往往表示一种突然的、未曾料到的偶发事件或事故。

He got killed when he was crossing the road.

过马路时他被车撞死了。

Her skirt got torn on a nail.

她的裙子被钉子挂破了。

②谈论设法或终于做到令人称心的事,说话者带有较强的感情色彩。

She got paid before she went on a holiday.

她在度假前(设法)领到了工资。

In the end, he got admitted into Beijing University.

他终于被北京大学录取了。

[思维拓展]

“get+过去分词”荟萃:

get lost 迷路 get punished 受惩罚

get divorced 离婚  get washed 洗脸

get separated 被分开  get paid 得到报酬

get dressed 穿衣服  get married 结婚

get engaged 订婚  get drunk 喝醉

最后编辑:2021-03-23 15:03:40

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.               everybody is here,let's begin our meeting.

2.Film has a much shorter history,especially when                (compare) to such art forms as music and painting.

3.While                (walk) the dog,you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car.

4.Only in this way                we arrive at the airport on time.

5.Tom got                (lose) in the strange place.

6.Her car got                (stick) in the mud and couldn't move.

7.Only if you keep a balanced diet                                                            (你才能保持健康).

8.—Can I use the telephone on the table,Sir?

—Under no circumstances                                                                            (任何人不能使用) the telephone in the office for personal affairs.

9.                                                           (人们一点也不知道) that he achieved such outstanding grades in the exam because he had stayed up late learning hard for long.

10.While                (swim) in the river, he saw a strange animal.

11.You will never gain success unless fully                 (devote) to your work.

12.Now                we failed this time,we should draw some useful lessons from it.

13.—Why didn't you phone me last night?

               I didn't want to disturb you.

14.It must have rained last night,              the ground is wet.

15.              he wasn't ready in time,we went without him.

【第2题】  

单句语法填空

1.My mother will give me                hug when I'm feeling down.

2.He's still hesitating                whether to take part in the sports meeting.

3.With so many different forms of poetry to choose from,students may                (eventual) want to write poems of their own.

4.We may not know the language another person is speaking,but most of us respond to music                the same manner.

5.Students living in buildings that have kitchens are only permitted                (cook) in the kitchen.

6.It was considerate of Michael to inform us of his delay                case we got worried.

7.               my delight,I met Yao Ming and Ma Long at the airport.

8.We are                (will) to trust and share the secrets with the friends who can see the real person inside our bodies.

9.While               (cross) the road,you should watch out.

10.She quickly got                (dress) and washed,running out of the room without breakfast.