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find 复合结构的常见形式等重点句型详解

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find 复合结构的常见形式等重点句型详解知识点包括find 复合结构的常见形式、强调句型的基本用法、否定转移的常见用法、not...until...的用法等部分,有关find 复合结构的常见形式等重点句型详解的详情如下:

find 复合结构的常见形式

About a month agoI was sailingand towards night I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind.

大约一个月前,我正在航行,天快黑的时候,我发现我被一阵强风刮到了海里。

(1)句式分析:这是一个简单句,由并列连词and连接。I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind.属于“find+宾语+宾语补足语”结构。

(2)find 复合结构的常见形式:

①find+名词/代词+(to be+)形容词/副词/名词。意为“发现某人/某物……”,to be 常可省略掉。如:

I find this job (to be) very exciting.

我发现这份工作令人兴奋。

She found Jack (to be) an honest man.

她发现杰克是个诚实的人。

②find+名词/代词+介宾短语。如:

He found a stranger in the room.

他发现房间里有个陌生人。

③find+名词/代词+现在分词。意为“发现某人/某物一直……”,可表示主动和进行。如:

She found a wallet lying on the ground.

她发现地上有一个钱包。

④find+名词/代词+过去分词。意为“发现某人/某物被……”,可表示被动和完成。如:

He found his dog hidden in the bush.

他发现他的狗藏在灌木丛中。

⑤find it+形容词+to do。it 是形式宾语,代替真正的宾语 to do。如:

We find it hard to learn English grammar.

我们发现学英语语法很难。

强调句型的基本用法

And it was the ship that brought you to England.

正是那艘船把你到了英国。

(1)句式分析:这是一个简单句,使用了强调句型,“It is/was...that...”,强调了主语the ship。

(2)强调句型的基本用法说明:

①基本结构:It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+其他

②被强调部分:主语、宾语和大部分状语

③it 和 that/who: it 没有词义;强调任何成分都可用

that, 强调人时还可用who

It is I that/who am wrong.

是我错了。(强调主语I)

It was here that I lost my watch.

我是在这儿丢的手表。(强调地点状语here)

It was yesterday that we attended a concert.

我们是昨天参加的音乐会。(强调时间状语yesterday)

[思维拓展]

强调句型的特殊形式有:

①一般疑问式:Is/Was it+被强调部分+that/who+其他?如:

Was it Jim that/who bought the book?

买书的是吉姆吗?

②特殊疑问式:特殊疑问词+is/was it that+其他?如:

What is it that he wants to see?

他究竟想看到什么?

③not...until 强调式:It is/was not until...+that+其他。如:

It was not until yesterday that I knew it.

直到昨天我才知道此事。

[误区警示]

①若被强调部分是主语,that/who 后的谓语应在人称和数上与原句的主语一致。

②强调句型的判断:将句子中的It is/was 和 that/who 去掉,如果剩下的成分仍然能组成一个完整的句子,那么原来的句子就是强调句型,否则就不是。如:

It is when you nearly lose someone that you fully realize how much you value him.

将It is 和 that 去掉后,得到的句子“When you nearly lose someone you fully realize how much you value him.”在结构和意义上是完整的,说明原句是强调句型。

否定转移的常见用法

If this is your idea of some kind of jokeI don't think it's very funny.

如果你们认为这是一个笑话,我可一点儿也不觉得好笑。

(1)句式分析:这是一个主从复合句。If this is your idea of some kind of joke是if引导的条件状语从句,主句是I don't think,后面的it's very funny是省略了that的宾语从句。此处主句I don't think it's very funny用了否定转移。

(2)否定转移的常见用法有:

①think, believe, suppose, expect, imagine 等动词后面的宾语从句中的否定词要转移到主句中,即主句的谓语动词用否定式,而从句的谓语动词用肯定式。如:

I don't think I can remember the 100 words within two hours.

我想我不能在两小时内记住这100个单词。

I don't suppose that he likes it.

我想他不喜欢它。

②含有否定转移的句子变反意疑问句时有两种情况:若主句主语是第一人称,简短问句的主语和谓语应与宾语从句的主语和谓语分别保持一致;若主句主语不是第一人称,简短问句的主语和谓语应与主句的主语和谓语分别保持一致。切记,简短问句的谓语一律用肯定式。如:

I don't think (that) he is interested in that thing, is he?

我认为他对那件事不感兴趣,是吗?

You don't imagine he passed the exam,do you?

你认为他没有通过考试,是吗?

not...until...的用法

You cant open it until two oclock.

直到两点你才能打开它。

(1)句式分析:这是一个简单句。使用了“not...until...”句型,意为“直到……才……”。

(2)not...until...的用法

①基本结构:否定结构的主句+until+名词(短语)/从句,意为“直到……才……”。当主句为否定句时,主句的谓语动词必须是非延续性动词。

He won't go to bed until she returns.

直到她回来他才会去睡觉。

②强调句结构:It is/was not until...+that+剩余部分。

It was not until you told me that I had any idea of it.

直到你告诉我,我才知道这件事。

③倒装句结构:Not until+名词(短语)/从句+倒装主句。

Not until you told me did I have any idea of it.

直到你告诉我,我才知道这件事。

最后编辑:2021-03-23 14:11:55

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.When he arrived,he found all the work already             (finish).

2.One early morning,I went into the living room to find my mother         (read) a thick book called  Best Loved Poems to Read Again and Again.

3.It was in the factory         I first met John.

4.It was not until two days ago         I received his invitation.

5.It was not until he was twenty         he began to learn English.

6.Not until he retired from teaching three years ago         he consider having a holiday abroad.

7.I don't think anyone can finish the experiment,                 ?

8.It was with the help of the local guide         the mountain climber was rescued.

9.         was at midnight that I got back home yesterday.

10.On the way home,he found his pocket          (pick).

11.He hurried to the store,only to find the door          (close).

12.When he came to himself,he found himself          (lie) in hospital

【第2题】  

单句语法填空

1.The issue of countryside development has been raised on the basis         this.

2.Li Gang was required to apologise          the people present at the meeting for what he had done.

3.I wanted to have a word with her,but she          (ignore) me and went away.

4.         (judge) from the way he laughed as he told it,it was meant to be humorous.

5.Our reporter was the first person          the scene.

6.When the man was trying to break into the bank,he was caught by the police          the spot.

7.In some cases,what you should do is listen          (patient) when someone is speaking,even if you have anything important to say.

8.He is always helping others without expecting anything         return.

9.It was in this small town that I met him          chance.

10.To          honest,the lifestyle of the old is different from that of the young.