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carry sb.through sth.、instead of等重点短语详解

考点详解

carry sb.through sth.、instead of等重点短语详解知识点包括carry sb.through sth.、instead of、in need of、care for、be responsible for、 treat...as...等部分,有关carry sb.through sth.、instead of等重点短语详解的详情如下:

carry sb.through sth.帮助某人渡过难关

[典型例句]

Her confidence carried her through.

她的信心使她渡过了难关。

[思维拓展]

carry through实现;完成

carry on (doing sth./with sth.)继续(做某事);坚持

carry out贯彻;执行;履行

carry out a plan/orders/instructions执行计划/命令/指示

carry away运走,使失去自制力

instead of 而不是;代替

[典型例句]

Now I can walk to work instead of going by car.

现在我可以步行去上班,而不必开车了。

If you cannot go, he'll go instead of you.

如果你不能去,他将替你去。

[易混辨析]

insteadinstead of

(1)instead 为副词,意为“(不是……)而是/反而……”,可单独使用,置于句首或句末; instead of 意为“代替;而不是”,后接名词、代词、动名词、介词短语等。

(2)instead of 指用A而不用B,除“代替”之意外,还有对B否定的意味,所以有时译成“不”; in place of 一般指以A代B。

Instead of going to the cinema, he went shopping.

他没有去看电影,而是去买东西了。

She never studies. Instead, she plays all day.

她从来不学习。相反,她成天玩。

Plastics are now often used in place of wood or metal.

现在塑料经常被用来代替木料或金属。

in need of需要......

[典型例句]

I felt lonely and was in need of someone for companionship.

我觉得孤独,需要有人做伴。

[思维拓展]

have the need for sth.需要某物

in want of 需要

satisfy/meet a need 满足要求

The project has the need for money.

这个工程需要钱。

But I'm sorry we're not able to meet your need this time.

但是很遗憾,这次我们不能满足您的需要。

care for 照看;照料;喜欢

[典型例句]

She moved back home to care for her elderly parents.

她搬回家住,好照料年迈的双亲。

I don't care for her at all.

我一点也不喜欢她。

[思维拓展]

care about关心;在乎

take care小心;注意

take care of照顾;照料

be responsible for 对......负责;作为原因,成为起因

[典型例句]

Mike is responsible for designing the entire project.

迈克负责设计全部工程。

Cigarette smoking is responsible for about 90% of deaths from lung cancer.

因患肺癌而死亡的人,大约90%是吸烟所致。

[思维拓展]

responsibility n.责任;负责

a strong sense of responsibility很强的责任感

treat...as...把……看作/当作……

[典型例句]

I decided to treat his words as a joke.

我决定把他的话当作玩笑话。

They treated me as one of the family.

他们把我当作家人。

[思维拓展]

其近义表达有:

treat sb./yourself (to sth.)招待;款待

最后编辑:2021-03-22 14:48:33

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.They decided to carry         in spite of the weather.

2.Don't blame me.I'm only carrying         my orders.

3.He worried that instead         making money,he would end up owing it.

4.My dear father,you brought me into this world,cared         me and loved me.

5.You shouldn't care too much        your test score.

6.Human activity is not responsible         all water shortages.

7.He treated me         his best friend and often treated me         dinner.

【第2题】  

单句语法填空

1.He treated me        a hero.

2.Who is responsible         the traffic accident that happened yesterday?

3.He cares        playing chess.

4.The minister said that their church was badly         need of repairs.

5.I'll attend the meeting instead         him.

6.He was the only person who could                                .

他是唯一能使国家安然渡过困境之人。

7.It's a difficult job but she's the person                                .

这是一项艰巨的工作,但她这个人是能够顺利完成的。

8.It is difficult to                                with a great noise around us.

在周围很吵闹的环境下进行谈话是很困难的。

9.Once a decision is reached, it must be firmly               .

决定一旦形成,就必须坚决执行。

10.He has failed to                                        .

他没有履行诺言。