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basis、apologise、ignore等重点单词详解

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basis、apologise、ignore等重点单词详解知识点包括basis、apologise、ignore、judge、scene、spot、sort、patience等部分,有关basis、apologise、ignore等重点单词详解的详情如下:

basis n.基础;根据;基点

[典型例句]

His research formed the basis of his new book.

他的研究成果是他这本新书的基础。

Their view had no basis in fact.

他们的观点没有事实根据。

[思维拓展]

on the basis of 在……的基础上;根据……

We judge a worker on the basis of his performance.

我们根据工作表现来评价一个工人。

[易混辨析]

basis, base

basis

用来指非物质方面的基础

base

主要用于指物质方面的基础

the economic basis 经济基础(抽象)

the base of a building 建筑物的基础(具体)

apologise vi.道歉;谢罪

[典型例句]

I think you should apologise to your brother.

我觉得你应该给你弟弟赔个不是。

We apologise for the late departure of this flight.

本航班起飞延迟,谨致歉意。

I apologised to her for stepping on her foot carelessly.

我因不小心踩了她的脚而向她道歉。

[思维拓展]

apologise to sb. 向某人道歉

apologise for doing sth. 为做了某事道歉

apologise to sb. for doing sth. 为做了某事向某人道歉

apology n. [C]道歉;赔罪

make an apology to sb. for sth. 因某事向某人道歉

accept/refuse one's apology接受/拒绝某人的道歉

owe sb.an apology应向某人道歉

ignore vt.忽视;对......不予理会

[典型例句]

My advice was completely ignored.

我的建议完全被忽视了。

I made a suggestion but they chose to ignore it.

我提了个建议,但他们不予理会。

[思维拓展]

ignore sb./sth.不理睬某人/不知道某事物

ignorant adj.无知的;不知道的

be ignorant of/about sth.不知道……

be ignorant that不知某事

ignorance n.无知;愚昧

be in ignorance of/about sth.不知道;对……无知

The workers were kept in complete ignorance of the company's financial situation.

公司对工人隐瞒财务状况,他们对财务的事情一无所知。

I'm afraid I'm rather ignorant about computers.

我恐怕对电脑一无所知。

judge vt.vi.平价;评判;判断 n.法官;审判员;裁判员

[典型例句]

You should never judge a person by his look.

绝不要以貌取人。

Judging from what he said, he must be an honest man.

从他所说的来判断,他一定是个诚实的人。

[思维拓展]

judge sb./sth.from/by...从……来判断

judge between right and wrong 判断是非

as far as I can judge 据我判断,我认为

judging by/from 从……上看,根据……判断

judgement n.判断,审判,意见,判断力

in one's judgement 依某人看来,按某人的看法

注意:judging from/by...在句中常作独立状语,不受句子主语的影响和限制,表达的意义是说话人的看法或判断,类似的用法再如generally speaking“一般来说”,frankly speaking“坦率地说”。

scene n.(戏剧或歌剧的)场;现场;场面;景色

[典型例句]

This play has three acts, and each act has three scenes.

这部剧分三幕,每一幕有三场。

She witnessed some very distressing scenes.

她目睹过一些令人非常痛苦的场面。

Would you like to enjoy the scenes in the mountains with me?

你愿意与我一起欣赏山区的风光吗?

[思维拓展]

the scene of the crime 犯罪现场

behind the scenes 暗中,秘密地,在幕后

(come) on the scene 出现,到场,在场

set the scene (为……)做好准备,(为……)设置舞台

[易混辨析]

sceneryscenesightview

scenery

不可数名词,指某地(总的)自然风景或景色,尤指美丽的乡间景色

scene

可数名词,指展现在眼前的或某一特定环境中的情景,大多包括景物中的人及活动在内;也可以指现场或戏剧中的一幕

sight

特指眼前看到的景观,多指人工的事物;表示“名胜,风景”时,必须要用复数sights

view

常指从远处或高处看到的景色

spot vt.看见;注意到;发现 n.地点;处所;斑点;污迹

[典型例句]

I've just spotted a mistake on the front cover.

我刚才在封面上发现了一处错误。

There was a big damp spot on the wall.

墙上有一大块水渍。

We ought to find out the views of the people on the spot.

我们应当了解一下在现场的那些人的看法。

[思维拓展]

spot sb.doing sth.发现某人正在做某事

on the spot在现场;当场;立即

in a spot处于困境

be spotted with满是……斑点;点缀着

注意:spot用作先行词时,其后的定语从句通常用where引导。

 sort n.种类;类别

[典型例句]

What sort of music do you like best,pop or classical?

你喜欢哪种音乐——流行的还是古典的?

We talked of all sorts of subjects.

我们谈了各种话题。

These sorts of people are ready to eat anywhere.

这种人总是走到哪里吃到哪里。

[思维拓展]

sort of有点,在某种程度上(常作状语)

all sorts of=of all sorts各种各样的

a sort of一种,可以说是……的东西

sort vt.& vi.分类;整理

sort out分类;整理;解决;处理

sort...into把……整理成……

Quickly sort them all out.

快把它们分类拣出来。

I sorted the books into big ones and small ones.

我把这些书整理成大的和小的两类。

We must sort out the good apples from the bad.

咱们得把好苹果拣出来,同坏的分开。

[易混辨析]

sortkindtypespecies

sort

指大体相似的东西,有时用于贬义判断

kind

指同种类的东西

type

指同类型的东西

species

指同物种的东西

patience n.耐心;忍耐力;毅力

[典型例句]

She has been out of patience with his rudeness.

她已经对他的粗鲁忍无可忍了。

I don't have the patience to do jigsaw puzzles.

我没有耐性玩拼图游戏。

I had no patience with these naughty children.

我对这些淘气的孩子没有耐心了。

[思维拓展]

have the patience to do sth.做某事有耐性

have/lose patience with对……有/失去耐心

with patience=patiently耐心地

patient adj.耐心的;能忍受的 n.病人

be patient with sb.对某人有耐心

impatient adj.不耐烦的;没有耐心的

 impatience n.不耐烦

beneath adv. Prep.在(或往)......下面;在......的表面之下

[典型例句]

Jo enjoyed feelin g the warm sand beneath her feet.

乔很喜欢脚下踩着温暖沙子的感觉。

He was standing on the bridge looking at the river beneath.

他站在桥上,看着下面的河水。

[易混辨析]

beneath, below, under

beneath

表示“在……正下方”,两者接触,与on相对。

below

不强调在正下方,两者不接触,与above相对。

under

强调在正下方,两者不接触,与over相对。

 
最后编辑:2021-03-23 13:35:24

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.“Small talk is the          (base) of good manners,” he says.

2.If you are really wrong,you should make an apology        your roommate.

3.I sincerely hope you can accept        (I) apologies and understand me.

4.I owe you        apology for what I said this morning.Anyhow I meant no offence.

5.She apologized        the mistake and gave us a spare VIP room on the top floor.

6.Some people always do everything they like,but are in       (ignore) of others' feelings.

7.Most people there received so little education that they were       (ignore) of the law.

8.Judging        her accent,she must be from Sichuan.

9.I'm in favour of his opinion that it is difficult to judge a person only       his look.

10.The rocking boats along the river bank make        beautiful scene.

11.The boy led his mother to the scene       the accident.

12.Moreover,the scenery along the Yangtze River is amazing,with many well­known sightseeing        (spot).

13.Caught robbing a lady of her necklace,the young man was arrested        the spot by a policeman.

14.There are all sorts        animals,including bears,pigs,kangaroos,and penguins.

15.She is very patient        young children,so she is fit for the job.

16.After waiting for about half an hour,I was beginning to get         (patient).

【第2题】  

1.I could see the muscles of his shoulders               his T­shirt.

2.一句多译

我耐心地向国际学生解释关于如何泡茶的所有步骤。

(1)I             explained all the steps to the international students on how to make tea.(patient)

(2)I explained all the steps to the international students                         on how to make tea.(patience)

3.“Long time no see” is sort             informal,but it is part of the language that Americans use daily.

4.Besides,all            (sort) of chemicals and huge amounts of energy are used to keep its courses (球场) in good condition.

5.写出下列句中spot的含义

(1)The floor was spotted with paint,which made him embarrassed.           

(2)Some of the spots on your trousers are hard to remove.           ;           

(3)I read through the first page of the book and spotted a spelling mistake.           

(4)Fortunately,a man made an offer to take him around the different spots.           ;           

6.用scenery,scene,view和sight完成语段

Every year,plenty of people go to see the             of Beijing.This summer vacation my parents also decided to take me there.On the way to Beijing,we stopped our car again and again to enjoy the            .After arriving in Beijing,we lived at the 13th floor of a hotel from whose window we had a better            of the city.We did have a good time in Beijing.But on the way back home,we saw the            of an accident,so my mother and I kept reminding my father to drive with caution.

7.Don't             a book             its cover.

勿以貌取人。

8.                       his accent,he must be a southerner.

根据他的口音判断,他一定是个南方人。

9.He                                                    the best actor of this year.

他被评为今年的最佳男演员。

10.She saw him coming but she            him.

她看见他走来,但没有理睬他。

11.He is                        farm life.=He is                                    farm life.

他对农庄生活一无所知。

12.Bill was                         his friend            having kept her waiting for a long time.

比尔因让他的朋友等了很长时间正在道歉呢。

13.I                                                      my host and left early.

我向主人道过歉后提早离去。

14.Please             my sincere            .

请接受我真诚的歉意。

15.We drew this conclusion             the basis of experiments.

【第3题】  

单词拼写

1.The             (根据) of her opinion is something she read in the magazine.

2.This may have influenced your bank manager's decision not to give you a             (贷款).

3.The burning             (塑料) gave off poisonous gas,which is harmful to our health.

4.If you're late,you should             (道歉) to the host either immediately or later.

5.He           (忽视) the neighbor's request that he should make less noise at night.

6.In an English speech competition,you are asked to describe the following picture and explain to the            (裁判员) how you understand it.

7.A medical team rushed to the             (现场) of the disaster where hospitals were in need of doctors and nurses.

8.“Do you have any clothes to be washed?” the            (仆人) asked.

9.I shall get myself a little boat and             (航行) her around the world.

10.I warn you; I'm beginning to lose my             (耐心) with you.