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used to do sth等重点短语详解

考点详解

used to do sth等重点短语详解知识点包括used to do sth、earn a living、bring about、apart from等部分,有关used to do sth等重点短语详解的详情如下:

used to do sth.过去常常做某事(暗指现在不做了)

[典型例句]

I used to go to the cinema a lot.

我以前常去看电影。

There used to be low and dirty houses.

那里曾是一些又矮又脏的房舍。

[易混辨析]

used to do sth., be used to (doing) sth., be used to do sth.

used to do sth.

表示“过去常常做某事”,指过去习惯性的动作或经常存在的状态

be used to

 (doing) sth.

表示“习惯于(做)某事”,其中to 为介词,后接(动)名词

be used to do sth.

表示“被用来做某事”,为被动语态

Mr White used to live in China, so he is used to Chinese dishes.

怀特先生过去住在中国,所以习惯吃中国菜。

Bamboo can be used to build houses.

竹子可用来建造房屋。

earn a living 谋生

[典型例句]

He is a novelist and earns a living by writing.

他是一个小说家,靠写作为生。

On graduation, Nancy earned a living as a composer of music.

大学毕业后,南希靠当作曲家谋生。

注意:earn a living 相当于 earn one's living,其中的 one's 或 a 不能换成 the, living 也不能用其复数形式 livings,但 earn 可以换成 make,意思不变。

[思维拓展]

make a life习惯于新的生活方式、工作等;谋生

come to life变得活跃起来

bring sb./sth. to life使某物更生动;使某人/某物苏醒

lay down one's life for sb./sth.为……牺牲生命,献身

lead/live a...life过着……的生活

 bring about 导致;引起

[典型例句]

Besides, the results of the examinations always bring about the worry and anxiety of the students.

此外,考试的结果总是引起学生的担心和焦虑。

But a condition like this will bring about the destruction of your nation.

但是像这样的情况只会给你的国家带来毁灭。

[思维拓展]

bring back带回;使回忆起某事;使恢复

bring down使……降低;使……倒下

bring in引入;赚得;挣得

bring out显现出;使发挥

bring up养育;抚养;教育;提出;呕吐

apart from 除了......外(还)

[典型例句]

Apart from the construction mentioned above, you have also learned the following phrases.

除了以上提到的结构,你们还学过下面的短语。

I hardly know anyone in the village apart from you.

除你之外,我几乎不认识村里的任何人。

Apart from a few faults, he is a faithful friend.

除了有几个缺点外,他是一位值得信赖的朋友。

[易混辨析]

apart from, in addition to, besides, except, except for, except that

apart from

重在强调既含有“除了……还有”,也含有“把……排除在外”之意

in addition to

“除……之外还”,一般位于句首

besides

表示“除了……还有”

except

表示“把……排除在外”

except for

表示从整体情况来看,要排除其中的部分特殊情况

except that

意思与except for相同,后须接从句

 
最后编辑:2021-03-23 09:39:56

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.Travellers get used to            (live) in different climates and conditions.

2.Apart            my academic studies, I always manage to find time for what I'm interested in.

3.I earned            (I) living mainly from teaching.

4.Being brought             in the countryside made Mr Wilson very hardworking when he was very young.

5.选择以上短语填空

(1)As a senior student, we study other subjects             English.

(2)Your article is well written            /            some spelling mistakes.

6.Born into a family with three brothers, David was brought             to value the sense of sharing.

7.Scientists say that many factors bring            the changes in the weather.

8.They emigrated to Australia to                                                 there.

他们移民到澳大利亚,在那儿开始全新的生活。

9.Her songs             our history             _            again.

她的歌曲又一次重现了我们的历史。

10.Joanne                                     as a dancer in a club.

乔安妮在一个俱乐部当舞者,以此谋生。

11.The match finally                                     in the second half.

比赛在下半场终于精彩起来。

12.They were prepared to                                               for their country.

他们准备为国捐躯。

13.I used to             (live) in Shanghai,but now I am used to            (live) in Beijing.