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diverse、fortune、admit等重点单词详解

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diverse、fortune、admit等重点单词详解知识点包括diverse、fortune、admit、occur、seek、earn 、select、series、escape等部分,有关diverse、fortune、admit等重点单词详解的详情如下:

 diverse adj. 不同的;多种多样的

[典型例句]

Her interests are very diverse.

她的兴趣非常广泛。

They are the people from diverse cultures.

他们是一些有着不同文化背景的人。

The program deals with subjects as diverse as pop music and Beijing Opera.

这个节目涉及从流行音乐到京剧这样形形色色的题材。

[思维拓展]

diversity n. 差异, 多样性

various adj. 不同的, 各种各样的, 多方面的, 多样的

different adj. 不同的

fortune n.机会;运气;大笔的钱

[典型例句]

She told my fortune by reading my palm.

她通过看手相给我算命。

These two brothers decided to go to big cities to try their fortune.

这兄弟俩决定去大城市碰碰运气。

Now there are many young men in our society dreaming of making a fortune without hard work.

现在在我们社会里,有很多年轻人梦想不通过努力工作就可发大财。

[思维拓展]

try one's fortune碰运气

bring good fortune带来好运

seek one's fortune寻找出路;寻找发财的机会

make a fortune发财

fortunate adj.运气好的;幸运的

fortunately adv.幸运地

unfortunately adv.不幸地;遗憾地

misfortune n.厄运;不幸

admit vi.vt.承认 vt.准许进入(或加入);接纳;可容纳

[典型例句]

Dina admitted feeling hurt by what I had said.

迪娜承认我说的话伤了她的感情。

We all admit him to be foolish.

我们全都认为他是个傻瓜。

Only ticket­holders will be admitted into the stadium.

只有持票者才可进入体育场。

[思维拓展]

admit doing/having done sth.承认做/做过某事

admit sb. to/into准许某人进入……;允许某人加入……

be admitted to/into被接收(入学/入院/入党等)

admit that...承认……

admission n.承认;准许进入;入场费

注意:admit 不能跟不定式作宾语。

[图解助记]

 occur vi.发生;出现

[典型例句]

The accident occurred at five o'clock.

这场事故发生在5点钟。

[思维拓展]

注意:occur 通常和介词 to 搭配,表示“某人想起,想到”。

[易混辨析]

occurhappentake placestrike

(1)occur 和 happen 都是不及物动词,均可用来表示“发生”。在表示具体事情的词作主语时,happen 和 occur 可通用。

(2)take place 用作不及物动词短语,所表示的“发生”往往带有事先安排的意思,指事件在特殊的地方或时间发生或举行。

(3)strike 是及物动词,表示“某人想起,想到”。

seek vt.vi.寻找;寻求;争取;(向人)请求

[典型例句]

Local schools are seeking to reduce the dropout rate.

当地学校在寻找办法降低辍学率。

They sought in vain for somewhere to shelter.

他们怎么也找不到一个藏身的地方。

[思维拓展]

seek for寻求;追求

seek out挑选出;找出

seek after sth.追寻某物

hide­and­seek捉迷藏;躲猫猫

seek one's fortune碰运气;寻找成功致富之路;闯世界

seek sth. from sb.向某人寻求某事

seek to do sth.(=try/attempt to do sth.)试图/企图做某事

earn vt.vi.挣得;赚的;赢得;博得

[典型例句]

He tried to earn more money to provide for a large family.

他设法多挣钱以供养一个大家庭。

He earns about 40,000 dollars a year.

他一年挣大约4万美元。

[思维拓展]

earn a living=make a living谋生

earn one's own living 自食其力

earn money=make money 挣钱

[易混辨析]

obtain/earn/gain/get/win

(1)obtain应用范围较广,含有“如期地达到目的或得到所希望的东西”之意,多用于正式场合。

(2)earn表示经过艰苦努力而得到报酬,或得到了理应享有的某种待遇,其宾语多为金钱、荣誉等。

(3)gain指通过斗争、竞争或付出劳动而获得某种优势或达到某种目的。其宾语通常是经验、优势、利益、好处等。

(4)get最常用,可指主动去“获得,得到”,也可能是被迫“接受”,有时指不一定需要主动性或付出很大努力就能得到。

(5)win多指在竞赛中“获得,赢得”,有时也用于指在战争中“获得”胜利,宾语通常是比赛、战斗、战争等。

select vt.选择;挑选;选拔

[典型例句]

He selected a team for the special task.

他为这项特殊任务挑选了一组人马。

[思维拓展]

select sb./sth. as... 挑选某人/物作为……

select sb. to do sth. 挑选某人做某事

York was selected as the site for the research centre.

约克被选定为研究中心的所在地。

Simon has been selected to represent us at the conference.

西蒙已被推选出来代表我们出席会议。

[易混辨析]

elect/choose/select/pick

(1)elect“选举;选择”,指在一定的范围内或有限的数量中,遵照一定的规章或法制,用投票或举手等表决方式,以多数为标准,选举出代表或负责人;也含有为完成某任务而选择适用的人员的意思。

(2)choose“挑选;选择”,指从若干人或事物中找出符合要求、满足需要的人或事物。这种选择取决于个人主观意志,带有最终选定的含义。

 (3)select“精选”,语气比choose重,而且更正式,强调客观性,挑选对象是同类的。

(4)pick常与out连用,有“挑选,选择”之意,指仔细地、精心地选择,带有挑剔意味,有时可与select互换,意为“拣出,认出”。

series n.一系列;连续;接连

[典型例句]

There was a series of bangs as the box fell down the stairs.

箱子掉下楼梯时发出了一连串响声。

[思维拓展]

a series of一连串的;一系列的

a TV series一部电视连续剧

注意:(1)series 属于单复数同形的单词,类似的单词还有 means, species, works(工厂),deer, fish, sheep 等。

(2)“a series of+复数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用单数,但“these/those series of+复数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用复数。

A series of lectures is scheduled.

一系列演讲已安排好了。

Two series of lectures are scheduled: one for experts and one for laypeople.

两套演讲已安排好了:一套为专业人员,一套为非专业人员。

escape vi.vt.逃走;逃脱;避开 n.逃跑;逃脱;解脱

[典型例句]

He escaped from prison this morning.

他今天早上从监狱里逃跑了。

Some gas is escaping from the pipe.

煤气管道漏气了。

The boy was very lucky to escape punishment/being punished.

这个男孩很幸运地逃脱了惩罚。

[思维拓展]

escape (doing) sth.逃脱(做)某事

escape from/out of...从……逃跑/逃走

escape sb./one's attention/notice逃过某人的注意/被某人遗忘

a narrow escape死里逃生;幸免于难

注意:escape doing sth.结构中doing常用被动语态,即escape being done,意为“逃脱被……”。

最后编辑:2021-03-23 09:00:05

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.A great                (diverse) of computers are made in Guangzhou.

2.My cousin was fortunate                 (find) a job as soon as she graduated from the university.

3.The war brought people nothing but                 (fortune) and disaster.

4.She apologized to me and admitted                 (take) my umbrella by mistake.

5.No one can go out of the room without the teacher's                 (admit).

6.Along with your wonderful innovation (创新), you need to hand in a report, explaining how the idea occurred                you and what materials you used.

7.We seek                 (find) a way to make us get along well with the people around us.

8.He was in trouble and                (seek) the help of a private lawyer.

9.Tom put his heart into the wildlife research, and finally, his efforts                 (earn) him great success and fame.

10.                (select) a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology is changing so rapidly.

11.One year, through                series of unhappy events, my dreams all fell apart.

12.That was                narrow escape all right when our car turned over!

13.He escaped                _                (kill) in the explosion because he had not gone to work.

【第2题】  

单句语法填空

1.The bird has                                its cage.

小鸟已从笼中逃掉了。

2.How can we escape               /                       ?

我们怎样才不会被人发现?

3.His name            me for the moment.

我一时想不起他的名字来。

4.Then began                                   wet days that spoiled our vacation.

之后就是一连串的下雨天,把我们的假期弄得一团糟。

5.There             a series of car accidents at the crossing this morning.

今天早晨在十字路口发生了一连串的交通事故。

6.用elect/choose/select/pick的适当形式填空

(1)It took her an hour to             a dress that suited her.

(2)Chu has been            to attend the National Young Leaders' Conference.

(3)We have             him chairman.

(4)You should            friends with care.

7.His courage                                                     of his classmates.

他的勇气博得了同学们的赞扬。

8.Do you know how much he            s a month?

你知道他一个月赚多少钱吗?

9.He                                     by teaching at a language school.

他在语言学校教书以维持生计。

10.He is            (=asking for) a job.

他正在找工作。

【第3题】  

单句语法填空

1.The boy                                     his teacher.

这个男孩向他的老师寻求建议。

2.He is the man who is always                                    .

他是个始终追求真理的人。

3.They are                                     us.

他们试图误导我们。

4.The same theme            in many of his works.

同一个主题在他的许多作品中都有。

5.The accident             at five o'clock.

事故发生在五点钟。

6.An idea                        me.

我想到一个主意。

7.                                                            to ask for help.

她没想到请别人帮忙。

8.                                                                        she would refuse his invitation.

他没有想到她会拒绝他的邀请。

9.写出下列句中admit的含义

(1)The youngsters admitted planning trips around potential photo­opportunities and then messaging friends—and friends of friends—to demand “likes” for their online posts.           

(2)Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium admits visitors from 9:30 am until 6:00 pm.           

(3)The dining hall to be completed next month can admit 1,000 students.           

10.根据提示完成小片段

In the 1980s, Li Hua went to the south                                    (碰运气). But he                                     (没有发财).             (幸运的是), he met with a boss who fed pigs. With his help, Li Hua                                     (发财) later by feeding pigs.

11.These animals consumed large amounts of vegetation (植被), which reduced plant             (diverse) in the park.

【第4题】  

单词拼写

1.Over the next half century, the industry is likely to experience growth with many            (不同的) cultures and markets.

2.Government ministers are starting to wonder how long their good             (运气) can last.

3.Have you got any             (奶酪) I can have with this bread?

4.I know he is trustless. In the meantime, I must             (承认) he is a good worker.

5.What you wear should be stylish and clean, and must             (肯定) fit well.

6.Cultural differences             (发生) wherever you go. When visiting another country, you should be aware of those differences and respect them.

7.If you go             (往市中心) tomorrow, could you give me a lift?

8.I want to read a lot of             (漫画杂志) books. I want to watch movies.

9.At first, I didn't like him, but            (后来) I came to appreciate him.