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be absorbed in sth/sb、from time to time等重点短语详解

考点详解

be absorbed in sth/sb、from time to time等重点短语详解知识点包括be absorbed in sth/sb、from time to time、set sth.up、try out、help out、 in addition(to sb./sth.)、share sth with sb、have an impact on、from(then)on、get through、pay off、 would rather do sth等部分,有关be absorbed in sth/sb、from time to time等重点短语详解的详情如下:

be absorbed in sth./sb.被......吸引住;专心致志

[典型例句]

He had been so absorbed in watching the car passing by that he didn't notice his friends coming.

他是如此专心地注视着那辆车从他身边开过,以至于他的朋友来了都没有注意到。

He was completely absorbed in reading and forgot even to take his meal.

他只顾看书,连饭都忘了吃。

You become so deeply absorbed in an activity that you lose track of time.

你会因过于专注某项活动而失去时间概念。

[思维拓展]

absorb v.吸收;吸引(某人)注意力;使专心;理解,掌握

absorb one's attention吸引某人的注意力

absorbed adj.全神贯注的,专心致志的

absorbing adj.吸引人的,引人入胜的

 from time to time 有时;偶尔

[典型例句]

The car manufacturers change the car models from time to time.

汽车制造商不时地改变汽车的型号。

[思维拓展]

表示“不时,偶尔,有时”的词语:sometimes, at times, once in a while, now and then, occasionally。

set sth.up 安装好(设备或机器);建立;设立,准备,安排

[典型例句]

I set up the computer so that they could work from home.

我把电脑设置好,这样他们就可以在家办公了。

They set up a special committee to look into the matter.

他们设立了一个专门的委员会来调查此事。

They decided to set up a new school.

他们决定建一所新学校。

[思维拓展]

set aside存储;留出;将……放在一边

set down放下,写下,登记

set off出发,动身;引发;使爆炸,燃放

set out启程,动身;阐述;陈列

set out to do sth.=set about doing sth.开始着手做某事

try out 参加......选拔(或试演);试验;尝试

[典型例句]

She tried out for the lead in the show.

她参加了主角选拔表演赛。

He will try out for the football team.

他要参加足球队的选拔(测试)。

The method appears good,but it needs to be tried out.

这个方法似乎不错,但需要试验一下。

[思维拓展]

have a try试试看;尝试一下

try for企图达到

try out for参加选拔

try on试穿衣服;试试看

help out 帮......分担工作,帮......脱离困境

[典型例句]

Nobody helped me out when I lost my job.

在我失业时没有人帮助我。

With the help of the teacher and his classmates, Xiaoming managed to help himself out of his problem with computer games.

在老师和同学们的帮助下,小明终于摆脱了爱打电子游戏的习惯。

She's always willing to help out.

她总是乐于帮助人。

[思维拓展]

help sb.with sth.帮助某人干某事

help (sb.) (to) do sth.帮助(某人)干某事

can't help to do不能帮助干某事

can't help doing禁不住干某事

can't help but do只得,不得不

help oneself to随便吃/用……

 in addition(to sb./sth.)除……以外(还)

[典型例句]

There is, in addition, one further point to make.

此外,还有一点要说。

I gave him a pen, a pencil and a book in addition.

我给了他一支钢笔和一支铅笔,另外还给了他一本书。

We have one spare bed but we need another in addition.

我们已经有一张备用的床,但我们还需要另外一张。

In addition to visiting the zoo, we went to the park.

除了参观动物园外,我们还去了公园。

[思维拓展]

in addition to 除……之外(还)

additional adj.另外的;附加的

in addition to 除了……之外还有(包括在内)

besides 除……之外还有(包括在内)

except (for) 除……之外;除……之外还有(不包括在内)

except that 除了……;除……之外还有(不包括在内)

share sth with sb.与某人分享某物;与某人共用某物

[典型例句]

I share an apartment with four other people.

我和另外四个人合用一间公寓。

I shared my lunch with the new students.

我和新同学们分享了我的午餐。

[思维拓展]

share sth. (out) among/between sb.与某人平分某物

share in分享;分担

The cake was shared among the three children.

蛋糕被平分给三个孩子。

His daughters did not share in his happiness.

他的女儿们没有分享他的快乐。

have an impact on 对......有影响

[典型例句]

The way to solve this problem has a great impact on children.

解决这个问题的方式对孩子们产生了很大的影响。

[思维拓展]

与 have an impact on 意思相同的短语还有:

have an effect on 对……有影响

have an influence on 对……有影响

 from(then)on 从(那)时起

[典型例句]

From then on, mother and daughter have depended on each other for survival.

从此,母女俩相依为命。

From then on, the students became greatly interested in chemistry, and we became good friends.

从那以后,学生们对化学产生了浓厚的兴趣,我们也成了好朋友。

[思维拓展]

from that time on=from then on从那时起

from now on从现在起

[易混辨析]

since then和 from then on有什么区别

二者意思相同,区别就在运用的时态不同。

(1) since then只可用于现在完成时中,不可用于过去完成时、过去将来完成时等时态。

Ever since then I've been longing to meet him face to face.

从那时起,我一直渴望和他面对面地聚会。

Since then, the palace has often been added to, rebuilt and repaired.

从那以后,那座宫殿不断得到扩建和修缮。

(2) from then on可用于过去时也可用于现在完成时或将来时中,要看语境决定。

From then on, they were taking no chances.

从那时起,他们就不再冒险了。

From then on, I haven't seen him again.

从那以后我再也没有见过他。

I will not live in that dream! From then on!

从此,我不要再活在梦中!

get through(设法)处理;完成(工作);打通(电话);通过(考试);克服(困难)

[典型例句]

I tried to ring my girlfriend but I couldn't get through.

我试图给女朋友打电话,可是打不通。

If you keep disturbing him, he will never get through his work.

如果你一直打扰他,他永远也做不完他的工作。

It took us only a few minutes to get through the Customs.

我们只花了几分钟时间就通过了海关检查。

[思维拓展]

get across 被理解;使人了解

get down to 认真地静下心(工作)(to 为介词)

get over 克服

get on 进展;进步

get in 收获

get around/round 到处走动;传播出去

Your meaning didn't really get across.

你的意思并未真正被别人理解。

 pay off 取得成功;得到回报;还清

[典型例句]

You must pay off your old loan before you can obtain a new one.

你必须还清旧账,然后才能再借款。

At last, his hard work paid off.

最后,他的努力得到了回报。

We were paid off after the company closed.

公司倒闭后,我们被付清工资后解雇了。

[思维拓展]

pay for 为……付钱;为……付出代价

pay back 还钱;偿还;报答;报复

pay a visit to 拜访

pay attention to 注意

pay the bill 付账

pay in advance 预付

I'll make her pay for ruining my chances!

她破坏了我的机会,我要她为此吃苦头!

would rather do sth.宁愿做某事

[典型例句]

Nowadays more and more people would rather not live in big cities.

现在越来越多的人宁愿不住在大城市里。

[思维拓展]

 

would rather that+主语+did sth.(表示对现在或将来的虚拟)

would rather that+主语+had done sth.(表示对过去的虚拟)

最后编辑:2021-03-20 15:23:53

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.When I opened the door, I found my father sitting in his chair, completely                   (absorb) in a magazine.

2.Even close friends quarrel with each other about something                   time to time.

3.What she said at the meeting set                 a heated discussion during our students.

4.Besides, our school set                   a volleyball team and a basketball team.

5.The scientists tried                   the Shenzhou VII very carefully before it was sent to space.

6.Whenever I think of those days I spent at home, I can't help                  (feel) happy.

7.I've often helped Bob                  when he's been a bit short of money.

8.In addition                   giving a general introduction to computers, the course also provides practical experience.

9.It is my honour to be here to share                   you my opinions on what to learn in senior high school.

10.Confucius's ideas have a great impact                  Chinese culture.

11.From now                  n I'm going to study English every day.

12.I tried phoning her office, but I couldn't get                  .

【第2题】  

1.一句多译

简是一个文静的女孩,她宁愿待在图书馆也不愿去看电影。

Jane is a quiet girl, who would rather                  (stay) in the library than go to see a movie.

Jane is a quiet girl, who prefers                  (stay) in the library rather than go to see a movie.

Jane is a quiet girl, who prefers                   (stay) in the library to going to see a movie.

2.They                  their debt after ten years.

十年后他们还清了债务。

3.Two hundred workers have                 .

200名工人已被结清工资了。

4.写出下列句子中get through的意思

(1)I tried several times to phone her, but couldn't get through                 

(2)You'll get through this problem.                 

(3)I'll get through this work by noon.                 

(4)We were very glad when we heard that you had got through your exam.                 

5.From then                  ,_we got to know each other,and became good friends.

6.If there is water on the Mars proves, it will have a great impact                   our future life.

7.We did so well that we were invited to share our ideas and experience                  all the students in our school.

8.                 addition, I can see different kinds of beautiful birds.

9.Working out in the morning provides                   (addition) benefits beyond being physically fit.

10.Is there anything I can do to                  ?

我能帮上忙吗?

【第3题】  

1.He was obviously in some kind of trouble, but I didn't know how I could                  .

他显然遇到了麻烦,但我不知道应怎样帮他。

2.Can you                   the maths problem?

你能帮我算出这道数学题吗?

3.They are trying                   the new medicine to see whether it is appropriate for the skin disease.

4.一句多译

他开始着手粉刷整幢房子,可是只完成了前面的部分。

He                   but finished only the front part.(set out)

He                   but finished only the front part.(set about)

5.I bent over from time                  time to avoid bumping my head against rocks on my left.

6.A good book could                   so completely that for the time being we forget our surroundings.

一本好书能如此完全地吸引我们的注意力,以至于我们暂时忘掉了周围的环境。

7.The writer was                   that he forgot everything outside.

这位作家全神贯注地进行写作,以至于忘了外面的一切。

8.I had created a way to get my message                   while using as few words as possible.

9.After ten years of hard work she finally paid                  her debt.