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congratulation、range、religion等重点单词详解

考点详解

congratulation、range、religion等重点单词详解知识点包括congratulation、range、religion、figure、gather、grateful、decorate、significant、typical、reflect、belief、faith、occasion等部分,有关congratulation、range、religion等重点单词详解的详情如下:

congratulation n.祝贺;恭喜

[典型例句]

Give Oscar my congratulations.

请向奥斯卡转达我的祝贺。

Edward offered his congratulations to my family.

爱德华向我全家表示祝贺。

[思维拓展]

offer/send one's congratulations to sb.(on sth.)(为某事)向某人表示祝贺

express/accept one's congratulations表示/接受某人的祝贺

congratulate vt.向(某人)道贺;(因某事)为自己感到自豪

congratulate sb.on/upon (doing) sth.因(做)某事向某人祝贺

congratulate oneself on sth.为某事庆贺/感到高兴

[易混辨析]

congratulate, celebrate

congratulate

庆祝,祝贺。指对某人取得的成就或喜庆之事表示祝贺,其宾语是人,表示就某事祝贺某人时,常与介词on搭配

celebrate

庆祝,庆贺。通常指举行盛大隆重的仪式来庆祝或纪念有意义的日子或某件事情,多暗示节日般的欢乐场面,宾语为事件

 

注意:(1)congratulation用于成功、毕业、结婚等个人庆祝活动,不用于节日致辞等。(2)表示具体的祝贺或贺词时常用复数形式,但表示抽象意义的祝贺时,一般用单数形式。

They received many letters of congratulation.

他们收到很多祝贺信。

range n.一系列;范围;界限 vi.包括(在一定范围内)变化

[典型例句]

I have a wide range of interests.

我有广泛的爱好。

The animal is still beyond range of my gun.

那只动物还在我的枪的射程之外。

He has a number of interests,ranging from playing chess to swimming.

他的爱好很多,从下棋到游泳。

[思维拓展]

 

 

religion n.宗教;宗教信仰

[典型例句]

Islam and Buddhism are two of the great religions of the world.

伊斯兰教和佛教是世界上的两大宗教。

We shall not give up the freedom of religion.

我们绝不放弃宗教信仰自由。

[思维拓展]

religious adj.宗教上的;信奉宗教的;虔诚的

These two countries had three religious wars in twenty years.

这两个国家在20年里发生过三次宗教上的冲突。

figure n.人物;数字;身材;人影;身影 vt.认为;认定

[典型例句]

Temperatures reached double figures for the first time this spring,going as high as 14 degrees.

今年春天的温度第一次达到了两位数,高达14度。

I saw the figure of a woman below the bridge.

我看见桥下有一个妇女的身影。

Most women have to watch their figures.

大多数妇女不得不注意体形。

[思维拓展]

keep one's figure保持体形

figure out理解;解决

If I have a map,I can figure it out.

如果我有一张地图,我就能解决它。

[图解助记]

gather vi.聚集;集合 vt.聚集;搜集;收割

[典型例句]

Thousands of people gathered outside the embassy.

大使馆外面聚集了成千上万的人。

We are all expecting the family gather.

我们都很期待这次家庭聚会。

[思维拓展]

gather (a)round 聚拢

gather together 聚在一起

gather sth. up/together 收拢分散的东西

grateful adj.感激的;表示感谢的

[典型例句]

He was extremely grateful to Glodstone for his support.

他非常感谢格拉德斯通的支持。

[思维拓展]

be grateful to sb. 感激某人

be grateful for sth. 感激某事

I would be very grateful if you could lend me a hand.

如果你能帮我的忙,我将非常感激。

decorate vt.装饰;装潢

[典型例句]

We decorated the Christmas tree with lights.

我们用灯来装饰圣诞树。

I'm going to decorate the bathroom next.

接下来我要装修浴室。

注意:decorate 不接双宾语,而采用decorate sth. with sth. 结构。

The wall was decorated with some pictures.

墙上装饰着几幅画。

[思维拓展]

decoration n.装饰;装潢

significant adj.有重大意义的;显著的

[典型例句]

Your success today may be significant for your whole future.

你今天的成功对你的整个未来可能是重要的。

He gave her a significant look.

他意味深长地看了她一眼。

[思维拓展]

significantly adv.有重大意义地;明显地;显著地;意味深长地

The country's economic strength has increased significantly.

这个国家的经济实力已经明显增强。

Shandong's level of utilizing foreign capital has risen significantly.

山东利用外资的水平已经显著提高。

significance n.意义;意思;重要性;重要意义

I think I have come to understand the significance of your work.

我想我已渐渐了解了你的工作的意义。

He understand the significance of my gesture.

他明白了我打手势的意思。

The measures that our government has taken to control the rising house price are of great significance in many aspects in our country.

我们政府调控房价上涨的措施在我国的很多方面都有着重大意义。

typical adj.典型的;有代表性的;平常的

[典型例句]

This is a typical example of Roman pottery.

这是一件典型的罗马陶器。

It was typical of him to be so rude.

他一向都很无礼。

[思维拓展]

typically adv.典型地;一般地

reflect vt.显示;反映;反射;思考

[典型例句]

I have been reflecting on the matter.

我一直在思考这个问题。

His face was reflected in the mirror.

他的脸映照在镜子里。

[思维拓展]

reflect on/upon考虑,思考;给……带来(坏)影响

reflect sb./sth.in sth.(指镜子等)映出某人/物的影像

reflect sth. from sth.从某物(表面)反射(光、热、声等)

reflection n.反射;反照;反映;映像;倒影;沉思

be lost in reflection陷入沉思中

on reflection经过慎重的思考

without reflection未经考虑

reflective adj.反射的;沉思的

reflector n.反射器,反射镜

[图解助记]

 belief n.信仰;信心;信任

[典型例句]

There is a general belief that things will soon get better.

大家普遍认为情况很快就会好转。

He has great belief in his doctor.

他对他的医生无比信赖。

She has lost her belief in God.

她已不相信上帝。

[思维拓展]

have belief in sth./sb.对某事物/人的真实性和正确性所具有的信心

beyond belief 令人难以置信

popular belief 普遍的看法

religious/political beliefs 宗教/政治信仰

It is sb.'s belief that...某人相信/认为……

faith n.宗教信仰;信任;相信

[典型例句]

Having faith in the masses is the requirement by government.

相信群众是对政府的要求。

Under no circumstance shall we lose faith in the future.

在任何情况下,我们都不该对未来失去信心。

Faith can move mountains.

[谚]精诚所至,金石为开。

I have faith in you.

我对你有信心。

[思维拓展]

faithless adj.不忠诚的,不可信赖的

faithful adj.忠实的,忠诚的

faithfully adv.忠诚地,忠实地

be faithful to sb./sth.忠于某人/某事

occasion n.特别的事情(或仪式、庆典);(适当的)机会

[典型例句]

On one occasion,she called me in the middle of the night.

有一次她深更半夜打电话给我。

I meet her on occasion at the club or in the theatre.

我有时在俱乐部或剧院里会遇到她。

[思维拓展]

on occasion有时;偶尔

on this/that occasion这/那次;在这/那种场合下

on the occasion of sth.在(重要事件)之际

occasional adj.偶然的

occasionally adv.偶尔

最后编辑:2021-03-22 08:55:20

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单词拼写

1.Is there always a conflict between science and                 (宗教信仰)?

2.Li Hua was admitted to Peking University. Everyone                 (祝贺) Li Hua on his success.

3.We sang as we                (前进) to keep our spirits up.

4.Several cars are available within this price                 (范围).

5.Today's festivals have many                 (起源), some religious, some seasonal, and some for special people or events.

6.New government                (数字) predict that one in two marriages will end in divorce.

7.My father employed three men to help him with the                 (收获) last summer.

8.Scientific farming is the key to the further development of                 (农业).

9.These terrible floods wash away                (庄稼) and destroy the whole village.

10.I didn't expect them to jump for                (喜悦)at the news.

【第2题】  

单句语法填空

1.We offered our                (congratulate) to him on his success in business.

2.—What is the cost of your skirts here, sir?

—It depends on which fashion you want to buy, and the prices range from 100 dollars                500 dollars.

3.Christian, Buddhism and Hinduism are the main                (religion) in the world.

4.I merely did the best I could and tried to figure                 how to solve the problems I hadn't learned in school.

5.To keep                (she) figure, she began eating a healthier diet of more fruits and vegetables, and less meat.

6.The clouds are                 (gather).It looks as if it is going to rain.

7.We all feel very grateful                 what you did for us.

8.The space is small with only a few dining tables and nearly no                 (decorate), but the environment is truly charming.

9.The discovery of the new drug is of great                 (significant) to people suffering from heart problems.

10.It is typical                him to take hard jobs.

11.               (typical), the yearly average amount of money spent on the children's education is going upwards all the time.

【第3题】  

单句语法填空

1.I was not at home                 that occasion.

2.The headmaster has faith                my ability to take care of the children.

3.Dissatisfaction with the government has grown                belief.

4.He looked at his face                _                the mirror.

他看着镜子中自己的脸。

5.The heat                                the white sand formed a mirage.

热气经白色的沙面反射形成蜃景。

6.I need time to                                your offer.

我需要时间来考虑你的建议。

7.Samuel can't help having a big nose—It is typical                 him to be curious about others' affairs.

8.Most students think it important to join the English corner, though a few haven't realized the                 (significant) of it.

9.On their wedding day, their new flat was                 (decorate) with fresh flowers and balloons.

10.Don't take it for granted that your brother should help you out of trouble. You should be grateful                him.

11.His failure at the first attempt didn't disappoint him. Instead, he                (gather) his courage and tried a second time.

【第4题】  

单句语法填空

1.In these cultures, silence is a call for                 (reflect).

2.Whenever I reflect                 those days I spent at home, I can't help feeling happy.

3.The artists had little faith                 the political leader who came to power after the war.

4.写出下列句中figure的含义

(1)He was one of the great figures in our country.                

(2)Lisa was very frightened as she saw a figure in the darkness.                

(3)It would be very nice if we had a true figure of how many people in this country haven't got a job.                

(4)I figure that he was drunk and shouldn't be allowed to drive.                

5.We should respect the                 (religion) activities of the local people.

6.The child was now                                                                   of vision.

这孩子现在走出了她的视线。

7.There is                                                                    activities for children.

有给孩子们提供的各种活动。

8.She has had a number of different jobs,                                 chef                 swimming instructor.

她做过许多不同的工作,从厨师到游泳教练。

9.一句多译

我们祝贺你通过了高考。

(1)                                                                   your passing the College Entrance Examination.(congratulation)

(2)We                                                                                                         your passing the College Entrance Examination.(congratulation)

(3)We                                                     your passing the College Entrance Examination.(congratulate)