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gradual、capable、relief等重点单词详解

考点详解

gradual、capable、relief等重点单词详解知识点包括gradual、capable、relief、cure、previous、aim、equipment、talent、assume、satisfaction、various、reaction等部分,有关gradual、capable、relief等重点单词详解的详情如下:

gradual adj.逐渐的;渐进的

[典型例句]

Recovery from the disease is very gradual.

这种病的康复过程很缓慢。

Recently,we have seen a gradual trend towards healthier food.

近来,我们注意到人们逐渐倾向于更加健康的食品。

[思维拓展]

gradually adv.逐渐地;逐步地

Gradually,the children began to understand it.

孩子们渐渐开始明白这件事了。

They gradually improved their work.

他们逐渐地改善了工作。

capable adj.有能力的;有才能的

[典型例句]

She proved a very capable doctor.

事实证明她是一位很有能力的医生。

Penny is capable of hard work.

佩妮能胜任艰苦的工作。

She is capable of judging works of art.

她有鉴赏艺术品的能力。

[思维拓展]

be capable of sth./doing sth.有能力做某事

be able to do sth.有能力做某事

relief n.(焦虑、痛苦的)减轻或消除;(不快过后的)宽慰、轻松或解脱

[典型例句]

This medicine will give you some relief.

这种药可以减轻你的痛苦。

It was a relief to be able to talk to someone about it.

能和别人谈谈这件事是一种解脱。

[思维拓展]

to one's relief令某人感到欣慰的是

with/in relief宽慰地,如释重负地

what a relief总算松了一口气;终于解脱了

relieve v.(疼痛、问题)解除,减轻,缓解

relieve sb.of...解除某人……方面的负担

I smiled in relief after I heard I had passed the examination.

听到我已经通过了考试,我轻松地笑了。

cure vt.治愈;治好(疾病);解决(问题) n.药物;治疗;(解决问题、改善糟糕情况的)措施

[典型例句]

Neither its cause nor its cure was understood.

(人们)既不知道它的病源,也不了解它的治疗方法。

Doctors are searching for a cure for AIDS.

医生们正在寻找艾滋病的治疗方法。

We must cure the children of bad habits.

我们必须纠正孩子们的坏习惯。

[思维拓展]

a/the cure for...……的疗法/……的解决措施

cure sb. of sth.治好某人的病;纠正某人的不良行为

vt.+sb.+of sth.结构的短语还有:

remind sb.of sth.使某人想起某事

suspect sb.of sth.怀疑某人(做)某事

rob sb.of sth.抢了某人某物

inform sb.of sth.通知某人某事

warn sb.of sth.警告某人某事

accuse sb.of sth.控告某人某事

[易混辨析]

cure, treat

cure

强调结果,即“治愈”;可构成cure sb. of sth.结构

treat

强调过程,不涉及结果;可构成treat sb. for sth.结构

previous adj.先前的;以往的

[典型例句]

This is similar to the “jet lag” you get from flying, but it seems you keep getting flashbacks from your previous time period.

这就与你乘坐飞机会产生时差反应相似,所不同的是,在你脑子里似乎会不断闪现以前的时光。

The judge will take into consideration any previous convictions.

法官将把任何前科考虑进去。

She had one child from the previous marriage.

她在上一次婚姻中有一个孩子。

[思维拓展]

previous to sth. 在……之前;先于……

previously adv. 以前;先前

 aim n.目的;目标 vi.&vt.力求达到;力争做到;瞄准 vt.目的是;旨在

[典型例句]

The gunman took aim and fired.

持枪歹徒瞄准后就射击了。

I aimed at the door but hit the window.

我瞄准门(射击),不料打中了窗户。

We aimed to get there at 7 o'clock.

我们力争在七点钟到那儿。

[思维拓展]

take aim(at...)把目标对准……

without aim=aimlessly漫无目的地

with the aim of...以……为目标,目的是……

achieve/miss one's aim达到某人的目的/失去某人的目标

aim sth.at...瞄准某物于……

be aimed at...目的是……;针对(某人)

aim to do sth.力求达到……

aim at(doing)sth.瞄准某物;力争做到……

aimless adj.无目标的

aimlessly adv.漫无目的地

[巧学妙记]

equipment n.设备;装备

[典型例句]

Our school has been given some new equipment.

我们学校有了一些赠送的新设备。

They have bought a piece of equipment for the kitchen.

他们买了一套厨房设备。

[思维拓展]

equip vt.&vi.配备;装备;使有能力

equip...with...用……装备/配备……

be equipped for准备好;对……有准备

equip oneself整装;预备行装;装备自己

talent n.天才;天资;天赋

[典型例句]

She is proud that both her children have a talent for music.

她为自己的两个孩子都有音乐天赋而自豪。

She is a new diving talent.

她是一个新的跳水天才。

She showed considerable talent for getting what she wanted.

她很有天资,能够心想事成。

[思维拓展]

have (a) talent (=a gift) for 在……方面有天赋

show (a) talent (=a gift) for 显示……方面的天赋

talented (=gifted) adj. 有天赋的,有才能的

a talented/gifted footballer 一个天才足球运动员

assume vt.以为;假设

[典型例句]

I had assumed him to be a Belgian.

我本以为他是比利时人。

[思维拓展]

assume sb./sth. to be 假定/假设某人/某事是……

It is assumed that...……被认为

assumed adj.假装的;假定的;设想的

assuming adj.自负的;傲慢的;过分自信的;conj.假如(后跟从句)

assumption n.假定;设想

His look of astonishment was assumed.

他那惊讶的样子是装出来的。

He is too assuming in this attitude towards the energy supply.

他在对待能源供应问题的态度上显得过于自信。

Assuming that the weather is favourable, farmers will have a bumper harvest.

假如风调雨顺,今年农民将有一个丰收年。

We are working on the assumption that everyone invited will turn up.

我们假定了每一个应邀者都会出席并正就此做出安排。

satisfaction n.满足;满意;欣慰

[典型例句]

She looked back on her career with great satisfaction.

回顾自己的事业,她深感欣慰。

He had the satisfaction of seeing his book become a best­seller.

看到自己的作品成了畅销书,他志得意满。

It has been hard to adjust but now I'm getting satisfaction from my work.

适应虽然艰难,但是现在我已逐渐从工作中获得了满足。

[思维拓展]

to one's satisfaction令人满意的是

satisfy v.(使)满意;(使)满足

satisfied adj.满足的;满意的

be satisfied with对……感到满意

satisfying adj.令人满意的

satisfactory adj.令人满意的

various adj.各种不同的;各种各样的

[典型例句]

He has various excuses for not finishing his work on time.

他不能按时完成工作,但有各种各样的借口。

[思维拓展]

vary vi.变化;不同;(大小、形状等)相异 vt.变更;改变

vary with随……而变化

vary from不同于……

vary in在……方面不同/有差异

vary from...to...由……到……情况不等/不同

variety n.[sing.]不同种类;[U]变化;多样化

a variety of=varieties of各种各样的

reaction n.反应;回应

[典型例句]

This produced a chain reaction, which made it possible for life to develop.

这就形成一个连锁反应,使生命发展成为可能。

Only her quick reaction prevented an accident.

她的快捷反应避免了一次事故。

A man is hiding from the rain listening to people's talk and watching their reactions.

有一个男士在躲雨,边听人们谈话,边观察着人们的反应。

How did Wilson react to your idea?

威尔逊对你的想法有什么反应?

Iron reacts with water and air to produce rust.

铁与水、空气发生化学反应而生锈。

Will young people react strongly against tax increases?

年轻人会强烈反对增税吗?

[思维拓展]

react vi.做出反应;回应

react to对……做出反应

react with与……发生化学反应

react against反对;反抗

react by以……方式做出反应

Local residents have reacted angrily to the news.

当地居民对这一消息表示愤怒。

He reacted strongly against the artistic conventions of his time.

他强烈反对他那个时代的艺术惯例。

最后编辑:2021-03-20 14:47:12

相关知识点

典型例题

【第1题】  

单句语法填空

1.She felt that she was perfectly capable               taking care of herself.

2.It was               relief and I came to a sudden stop just in the middle of the road.

3.To               (I) relief, my father's condition is normal (正常的) after physical examination.

4.She tried every means to cure her child              the bad habit.

5.Friendship is a cure              any injury in life.

6.The world record was              (previous) held by a Spanish athlete.

7.There was a time when he had nothing to do, wandering               (aimless) in the street all day.

8.In the newspaper of our school there is a column called “Foreign Cultures”, aiming               (introduce) American customs and the life of high school students.

9.The school has been rebuilt and it is well               (equip).Much money has been spent on the office              (equip).

10.Joan is a               (talent) dancer.She showed a talent for dancing when she was young.

【第2题】  

单句语法填空

1.We will never know if we are interested or              (talent) in a subject if we don't try it.

2.A lot of people make the               (assume) that poverty only exists in the Third World.

3.They have plenty of               (satisfy) customers who are satisfied with their service.

4.Seeing them on the bus, I felt a kind of               (satisfy).

5.I like reading very much, especially the story books, varying from Chinese stories              English stories.

6.Changes in price normally vary               changes of supply and need.

7.I wanted to know how the students              to my words as well as your           .(react)

8.When the sun comes out, the flowers react             opening wide.

9.He didn't react            this provocation.

10.The boy often reacts               his parents.

【第3题】  

1.There are             colours to choose from.

有各种各样的颜色可供选择。

2.That sort of thing            person to person.

那种事因人而异。

3.Teachers should             to make them more interesting.

为了增加趣味,教师应该使自己的课多样化。

4.There are             cloth in the store.

这个店里有各种各样的布。

5.           marine creatures live in the ocean.

海洋中生活着各种各样的海洋生物。

6.I             the result.

我对那个结果很满意。

7.My parents try to           .

我父母尽量满足我的需求。

8.There was             on his face.

他脸上露出了满意的表情。

9.           ,my boss agreed to my suggestion.

使我非常满意的是,老板同意了我的建议。

10.We all can go out for a picnic this afternoon—           (assume) that the others agree.

【第4题】  

1.If you make an            (assume) that something is true or will happen, you accept that it is true or will happen.

2.The football player had            talent for football when he was a child. Now he is second to none in the football field.

3.In order to improve the children's health,the school has bought some new             (equip) for sports specially.

4.A good education should equip you            life.

5.She went to London             finding a job.

她去伦敦是为了找工作。

6.Bob's one             is to earn a lot of money.

鲍勃的一个人生目标就是挣很多的钱。

7.They're             training everybody by the end of the year.

他们力求做到在年底前人人得到培训。

8.These measures are             preventing violent crime.

这些措施旨在防止暴力犯罪。

9.The doctor can't            her of the cancer.

医生治不好她的癌症。

10.Nothing can             you             your bad habits.

没有什么能去掉你的坏习惯。

11.This is           SARS.

这是一种新的SARS治疗方法。

12.            (relieve) his homesickness, his aunt asked him to telephone his parents.

13.Much             my relief, all of us succeeded in the important interview.

14.The patient was relieved            his chest pain by a special treatment.

15.I feel capable            repairing this motorcycle.

16.Over 300 years its population grew             (gradual) from 800 people to 8 million.